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Thursday 11 April 2024

महाभारतातील राजा कीचक यांच्या काळात बनलेली ही पांडव लेणी 

उधमपुर च्या जवळ पांडव लेणी भाग 2-CONSTRUCTED BY RAJA KICHAK OF MAHABHARATA

उधमपुर पासून 30 किलोमीटर वरती पांडवलेणी एएसआय नी मेंटेन केले आहे 

Israel's Use of AI Tools to Target Hamas in Gaza

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) has rapidly evolved from a concept to a reality on the modern battlefield. Just a few years ago, AI on the battlefield was limited to the realm of imagination, but now it is becoming standard practice.

 Israel's utilization of a state-of-the-art AI-based software called "Lavender" in its ongoing conflict with Hamas in Gaza has shed light on this technological advancement.

 In the war, the Israel Defence Force (IDF) has employed a tool called "Lavender" to generate a list of potential Hamas targets in the Gaza territory.

 Another AI-based software, known as "Where's Daddy?", has been used to alert the IDF as soon as the target identified by "Lavender" enters their home, prompting Israeli airstrikes on those locations.

 This development highlights the significant progress made in AI technology, from initial discussions on how AI can assist humans to its current use in real-time warfare conditions, how did Israel make AI work for them?

 "Lavender" or its earlier versions were first employed in May 2021 during Israel's operation against Gaza, where the AI system was used to identify Hamas missile squad commanders.

 Over time, the system expanded its capabilities, enabling it to generate tens of thousands of potential targets in mere seconds or minutes, a task that would have taken humans days or weeks to accomplish manually.

 At its peak, the system was capable of generating a list of 37,000 potential human targets.

 To train "Lavender," a vast amount of intelligence data collected through mass video surveillance and other means was utilized. The AI algorithm sifted through this data to identify traits associated with Hamas terrorists.

 The machine was trained to recognize patterns such as frequent changes in phone numbers or addresses, usage of phones previously flagged as belonging to Hamas operatives, or membership in WhatsApp groups known to include Hamas operatives.

 If an individual closely resembled these patterns or traits, the AI would flag them as potential targets.

 The data identified by "Lavender" is then passed on to another AI system, "Where's Daddy?", which promptly notifies the military once the target enters their home. Subsequently, the Israeli Air Force carries out airstrikes to neutralize the target.

 The accuracy of the AI system is quite high. During internal testing, the Israeli military found the system to be 90 percent accurate.

 However, there were instances where the system proved to be inaccurate. Innocent civilians, civil defense workers, and relatives of Hamas operatives were mistakenly flagged as legitimate targets, leading to the erroneous bombing of civilians.

 One such case was the bombing of seven aid workers from the World Kitchen Organization in central Gaza. These workers were mistakenly targeted while providing food supplies to northern Gaza, resulting in widespread criticism and condemnation of Israel's actions.


Despite these errors, the system has allowed the IDF to be highly effective and ruthless. The Israel Air Force conducted an unprecedented number of airstrikes during the initial phase of the war, made possible by AI.


This demonstrates how 21st-century technology utilizing AI and machine learning algorithms is poised to revolutionize warfare. Tasks that would take humans hours or days can now be completed by AI in a matter of seconds.


Major nations like the United States, China, are either considering the development of such capabilities or have already implemented them.

 There are several potential applications of AI in warfare. Here are a few examples: 

Autonomous Weapons Systems: AI can be utilized to develop autonomous weapons systems capable of independently selecting and engaging targets. These systems could operate on land, sea, or air, and could potentially make decisions faster and more accurately than humans in certain situations.


Surveillance and Reconnaissance: AI algorithms can analyze vast amounts of sensor data, such as satellite imagery, aerial footage, or signals intelligence, to identify targets, track movements, and detect patterns. This can assist in intelligence gathering and provide real-time situational awareness on the battlefield.


Cyber Warfare and Defense: AI can enhance cybersecurity measures by identifying and responding to cyber threats in real-time. AI algorithms can detect and mitigate attacks, identify vulnerabilities, and analyze large amounts of data to identify potential cyber threats and predict future attacks.


Decision Support Systems: AI can aid military commanders in strategic and tactical decision-making. By analyzing historical data, current intelligence, and real-time inputs, AI systems can provide recommendations for mission planning, resource allocation, and operational strategies.


Logistics and Supply Chain Management: AI can optimize logistics operations by predicting demand, optimizing supply routes, and managing inventory. This can improve the efficiency of military supply chains, reduce costs, and ensure timely delivery of critical resources to forces in the field.


Training and Simulation: AI-powered virtual training environments can provide realistic simulations for military personnel, allowing them to practice and refine their skills in various scenarios. AI can also facilitate adaptive training programs that personalize training based on individual performance and learning needs.


Medical Support and Battlefield Healthcare: AI can assist in diagnosing and treating injuries on the battlefield. Intelligent medical systems can analyze medical data, provide real-time guidance to medics, and support decision-making for triage and treatment procedures.


The development and deployment of AI in warfare raise ethical concerns, including the risk of autonomous weapons systems making decisions that could result in unintended harm or violations of international humanitarian law. Proper regulations and guidelines are necessary to ensure responsible and ethical use of AI in military applications.


It is crucial for India to start developing and deploying AI-based technologies to prevent China from gaining an insurmountable advantage.



HUMAN SECURITY-Rescue Indians Trapped in Southeast Asia: Cyber Fraud and Job Exploitation,Economic Security-Reserve Bank of India deserves share of credit for economic stability

 HUMAN SECURITY-Rescue Indians Trapped in Southeast Asia: Cyber Fraud and Job Exploitation 

Thousands of Indian nationals find themselves in distressing situations in Myanmar and Cambodia, where they are coerced into committing online fraud and deception. The Ministry of External Affairs has been successful in rescuing approximately 250 Indians from Cambodia and around 30 from Myanmar. These individuals are being lured by organized crime rings, in collusion with unscrupulous agents, who promise them employment in the information technology industry in these countries. However, upon arrival, they are forced to work in cyber fraud centers and compelled to deceive people through phone calls, emails, and WhatsApp messages. In some instances, they even impersonate law enforcement officials to extort money on behalf of their employers.

NB Security Scan 81 
This alarming trend reinforces the recent statement by Jurgen Stock, the head of Interpol, who highlighted the expansion of organized crime groups during the Covid-19 pandemic. These criminal networks, which have contributed to a surge in human trafficking and cyber scam centers, have transformed into a global network generating an estimated $3 trillion annually. According to Stock, these cyber scam establishments, where staff members are operating under coercion, have enabled crime syndicates to diversify their operations beyond drug trafficking. Similar fraudulent operations are reportedly being conducted in Malaysia and the Philippines, with potential ties to certain Chinese companies.
India, known for its strong ties with ASEAN nations, must intensify efforts to crack down on operators of fraudulent call centers. It is crucial to widely circulate advisories about online and phone scams to all stakeholders. Close coordination and regular exchange of information among governments can prove effective in deterring criminals. Additionally, the distressing reality of Indian nationals seeking employment in countries like Myanmar and Cambodia calls for attention , necessitating corrective measures to prevent skilled young individuals from falling into this vicious trap.
Economic Security-Reserve Bank of India deserves share of credit for economic stability
Country has come long way since it was a 'fragile five' emerging market
Every month, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi sits down with his economic advisory board to discuss policy.
The group's discussions held to a straightforward conclusion of late. At a time when geopolitical tensions are high and global financial markets volatile, the best course of action is to refrain from aggressively pursuing growth or easy credit and to hold back from big subsidy increases that could swell both inflation and the government budget deficit.
The Reserve Bank of India, the markets and the prime minister's office are surprisingly in agreement on the need for policy stability even with a national election campaign in full swing and the temptation to offer generous handouts greatest.
This is a considerable achievement for a country that 11 years ago was one of the "fragile five" emerging market economies that Morgan Stanley saw as particularly vulnerable to the impact of potential capital outflows.
That was shortly before Modi's first national election victory. Today, the country whose foreign reserves appeared inadequate then now has around $600 billion banked to cushion any shocks.
India's economy has never looked better. The country is now the world's fastest growing major economy and well outpacing China for the first time.
India is now posting annual growth rates above 7% while China, wrestling with debt, deflation and demographics, will be hard pressed to realize its official target of "about 5%" growth this year. India though does have the advantage of growing from a smaller base, as China's gross domestic product is now about five times larger.
Credit for India's economic outperformance must go both to Modi's government and to the RBI, which has become increasingly technocratic in recent years.
The best any central banker can hope for in many cases is not to be independent of his or her political masters but to be in sync with them. Counterparts in Asia may well look at the RBI with envy, at least at this time

#PROPOGANDA WARFARE-The BBC's bias defeats its purpose and makes it a liability for Britain

 BBC is damaging Britain's image by alienating potential allies and projecting an image of entitlement and sanctimony. During a Hard Talk interview, President Irfan Ali of Guyana rebuked BBC interviewer Stephen Sackur, stating that his country engages in significant forest conservation efforts without receiving due credit or compensation while the developed world enjoys the benefits of energy consumption since the industrial revolution. President Ali went on to question whether the BBC is influenced by those who have harmed the environment. This interview quickly went viral, with widespread praise for President Ali as the voice of the Global South. However, the response also reflected anger and disgust towards the BBC for its hypocrisy, colonialist tone, and apparent advocacy for the globalist elite and vested interests.

The BBC, along with a few other Western media outlets such as The New York Times, The Washington Post, Financial Times, and Deutsche Welle, has aligned itself with powerful left-leaning globalist networks that seek to undermine governments unwilling to conform to their agenda. Through its excessive bias, the BBC violates the fundamental principle of Britain's Royal Charter, which defines its "Public Purposes" as providing impartial news and information to help people understand and engage with the world. The BBC has failed to convince the world that it uses British taxpayers' money to deliver "impartial news and information."
The UK's Conservative Party has long criticized the BBC for its strong pro-Labour and pro-left bias. Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher famously stated, "I have fought three elections against the BBC and don't want to fight another against it." Indarjit Singh, the head of Britain's Network of Sikh Organisations, criticized stations like BBC Asian Network for hindering integration and social cohesion by allowing communities to isolate themselves. The BBC had halted the broadcast of a show commemorating Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur, who was beheaded in the 17th century for opposing forced conversions to Islam in India, citing concerns about offending Muslims.
The BBC has faced bans in Russia and China. In India, the BBC has long been perceived as pro-Pakistan.
Recently, the BBC was found guilty of tax evasion and initially tried to portray it as retaliation by the Indian government. However, the BBC later admitted to underreporting Rs 40 crore ($4.8 million) of income in its tax returns. This incident followed a suspiciously timed documentary titled "India: The Modi Question," released before the 2024 elections. Through a series of opinions and innuendos, the documentary attempted to implicate Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in the 2002 Gujarat riots, despite his exoneration by the courts a decade earlier.

NB Security Scan 81 
The BBC's consistent anti-India and anti-Hindu positions on various issues such as the anti-CAA protests, farmers' agitation, abrogation of Article 370 in Kashmir, Ram Mandir pran pratistha, Leicester riots, or the hijab-in-schools controversy raise the question: is the BBC doing a great disservice to once-Great Britain? The answer seems clear.
The BBC undermines the UK's economy, security, law and order, and demographic future by consistently adopting a left-leaning, pro-immigrant stance. The organization avoids addressing issues of Islamic radicalization and terrorism. Moreover, it damages Britain's by provoking potential allies and appearing as an entitled and sanctimonious attack dog for the UK .
Joe Biden's Letter to Shehbaz Sharif: A Potential Shift in US-Pakistan Relations
A letter from US President Joe Biden to Pakistan's Prime Minister has recently sparked intrigue and speculation regarding the future of US-Pakistan relations. This communication serves as the first official contact between the two leaders, signalling a potential shift in US policy towards Pakistan.
Since assuming office in 2021, President Biden had not engaged directly with either former Prime Minister Imran Khan or his successor, Shahbaz Sharif. The absence of interaction raised questions about the status of bilateral relations.
However, Biden's letter to Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif, which expresses support and emphasizes the importance of the partnership between the two nations, suggests a change in approach. Despite concerns within Biden's party regarding the legitimacy of Sharif's government, the president chose to extend a hand of cooperation.
The timing of this outreach is significant, especially considering the recent visit of an International Monetary Fund (IMF) team to Pakistan and their agreement to release substantial funds to the government. As the United States plays a dominant role in the IMF, this development indicates a willingness to support Pakistan financially.
The apparent thaw in US-Pakistan relations raises questions about the underlying motivations. One possible factor is Pakistan's reported assistance to Ukraine during its conflict with Russia, which garnered appreciation from Washington. Additionally, the resurgence of threats from terrorist groups in Afghanistan, despite US hopes for stability after withdrawing troops, has refocused attention on regional security.
Experts speculate that Biden's outreach to Pakistan may aim to leverage Islamabad's assistance in containing terrorism, particularly in light of recent attacks by the Islamic State in neighboring countries.
Will this renewed engagement between the United States and Pakistan lead to meaningful collaboration, or will past pitfalls overshadow any potential progress?

Wednesday 10 April 2024

China and India: No longer "bhai-bhai," but "bye-bye"

China persists in its belligerent stance, exemplified once more by its recent release of a list of names for places in Arunachal Pradesh. This maneuver, however, is mere folly. New Delhi has unequivocally reaffirmed the obvious: the renaming exercise in no manner alters the fact that Arunachal Pradesh has been, is, and will always be an integral part of India. Beijing's assertion of control over the region, which it labels as 'south Tibet,' exists only within the realm of an expansionist fantasy. Moreover, it underscores China's lack of intent to mend ties with India.

While China demands respect for its territorial integrity from the international community, it fails to reciprocate this principle in its dealings with other nations. This double standard is evident in the numerous border and maritime disputes it has with neighboring countries. By asserting a claim over Arunachal Pradesh, China reveals its perception of India as a nation amenable to coercion. Therefore, it may be time for India to reassess its commitment to the 'One China' policy, especially as our practical collaboration with the Republic of China, or Taiwan—tragically affected by a massive earthquake yesterday—is expanding.

NB Security Scan 81 
India's stance against China has been evolving. Since 2010, India has refrained from mentioning the 'One China' policy in joint statements and official documents. Beijing's outright rejection of a reciprocal 'One India' policy in 2014 further diminishes the need for New Delhi to navigate this issue delicately. China remains India's strategic rival and a security concern, evident through PLA incursions and other provocations.
New Delhi should explore and facilitate high-level political and technical visits with Taiwan. The latter is a semiconductor giant and India is already seeking bilateral cooperation in this sector. There’s no need to look over our shoulder at Beijing when engaging Taipei. India can start by offering earthquake relief assistance to Taiwan. China cannot dictate our Taiwan policy.
Supply Chain Challenges due to earthquake Opportunity India
The recent earthquake off Taiwan's east coast highlights the risks of concentrating chip-making capacity in one territory. While initial reports suggest no immediate impact on supply chains, the incident underscores the need for diversification. Chipmakers are already accelerating plans to diversify beyond Taiwan due to factors like the Covid outbreak and tensions with China. India, with its ambitions in chip manufacturing, offers an interesting proposition.
‘3-Body Problem’ Is Showcasing China’s Distrust of the West
Science fiction has always been treated with suspicion by Beijing, and this series is no different.
The first scene in the new Netflix series 3-Body Problem opens with a shocking sequence. A prominent scientist is beaten to death by paramilitary Red Guards, a depiction of recent history that still remains taboo in China, playing out a brutal scene from the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s. His crime? A belief in the theory of relativity.
From those very first few moments, it is a wild ride, at times almost hallucinogenic. But there is a wider, more urgent issue the series shines a light on: The China that President Xi Jinping displays to the world is not the only China that exists. It is a complex, multi-layered place — much like the show itself — that often confounds expectations. The Chinese Communist Party has tried to own the definition of what it means to be Chinese, and has been exporting it around the globe. This series showcases a different, stranger world, created by a Chinese author — and audiences around the globe are responding to it.


Chinese navy live-fire drills a ‘timely and forceful response’ to Philippines’ tilt to US
PLA warships simulate attacks on ‘armed enemy fishing boats’ in South China Sea ahead of annual Balikatan military exercises
War games mimicking ‘complex battlefield environments’ show Beijing wants to bolster territorial claims in recent maritime disputes.
NB Security Scan 81
Taiwan races to catch up with mainland China’s military drone capabilities
As the island’s defence ministry lays out ambitious plans for local and US-made drones, observers warn it is at least five years behind
Operator training and recruitment as well as a joint effort by defence and civilian sectors to boost mass production capacity will be crucial.
Will China’s fourth aircraft carrier steer towards troubled waters in Asia and challenge the US Navy?
The US Navy has an edge over its Chinese counterparts in terms of firepower and access to its supply bases in the region, analysts say
Smaller Asian countries can learn from the Ukraine war and deploy assets such as drones and sea mines to counter China’s expanding naval presence.
Asia’s terrorism surge: from Pakistan to Russia, Isis-K awakens sleeper cells – as Chinese interests come under fire
Using Afghanistan as a base, Isis cells have hit targets in Russia, Pakistan, Iran and Turkey this year, spurred on by outrage over Israel’s Gaza war
Pakistan blames the Afghan Taliban for its inaction against the group, as well as the Baloch militants striking Chinese interests in South Asia.
First U.S.-Japan-Philippines trilateral to address China's 'gray zone' tactics,Leaders seek to deepen economic ties as Beijing tests American treaty commitments
U.S. President Joe Biden will add to his collection of "mini lateral" gatherings of allies and partners when he hosts Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. in Washington on April 11 for their first trilateral summit.
Unlike the Quad grouping of the U.S., Japan, India and Australia -- and unlike the AUKUS security partnership of the Australia, the U.K. and the U.S. -- the new trilateral does not have an announced name or acronym.
Chinese state media stoked allegation Taiwan President Tsai would flee war
Taiwan’s outgoing President Tsai Ing-wen plans to flee in an American plane if war erupts with China, according to an unsubstantiated report first published in 2021 and echoed in the run-up to the island’s January 2024 general election.
According to another story, Ms Tsai gave her confidantes VIP “run away” passes.
Japan greenlights its defense industry
The nation opens doors to military equipment exports while trying to honor its pacifist ideals
Japan is slowly unshackling its defense industries. The Cabinet of Prime Minister Fumio Kishida recently agreed to ease defense equipment transfer rules to allow exports of next-generation fighter jets it is jointly developing with the United Kingdom and Italy. This follows other steps that allow Japanese companies to participate more fully in the global market for defense equipment.
It is the right decision. Japan must loosen restrictions that have undercut the ability of its companies to compete in this sector. There are limits, however, to how far liberalization should go. Participation in international defense projects ensures that Japan stays on the cutting edge of technology innovation, as well as remains a reliable and credible ally and security partner.

New Education Policy (NEP) could contribute to an increase in the intake of officers for the Armed forces

 Several aspects of the New Education Policy (NEP) mentioned above could contribute to an increase in the intake of officers for the Armed forces:

  1. Incorporation of Traditional Practices: By integrating traditional values such as seva (service), ahimsa (non-violence), and sacrifice into the NEP, aspirant officer candidates may develop a stronger sense of duty and commitment, qualities highly valued in military personnel.

  2. Emphasis on Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving: The NEP's focus on critical thinking, problem-solving, and creativity can help officer candidates develop strategic thinking and adaptability, essential traits for effective leadership in the Armed forces.

  3. Multidisciplinary Education: Including sports, yoga, and traditional physical training practices in the curriculum can improve the physical fitness standards of officer candidates, ensuring they meet the requirements of the Armed forces.

  4. Inclusivity and Diversity: By promoting inclusivity and diversity, the NEP may attract a wider range of candidates to officer positions, ensuring a diverse pool of talent to choose from.

  5. Technology Integration: Integration of technology in education can enhance learning outcomes and prepare officer candidates for the technologically advanced environment of the modern Armed forces.

  6. Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) System: The ABC system can benefit serving officers by providing them with opportunities for continuous learning and skill development, thereby enhancing their qualifications for officer positions within the Armed forces.

  7. Bridging the Gap between Civilian Education and Military Training: By aligning civilian education with military training, the NEP can facilitate a smoother transition for students aspiring to become officers in the Armed forces, making the pathway more accessible and attractive.

Overall, these aspects of the NEP have the potential to not only improve the quality of education but also better prepare individuals for leadership roles within the Armed forces, thereby increasing the intake of officers.

The Indian Armed forces can collaborate with educational institutions in several ways to leverage the benefits of the New Education Policy (NEP) for officer intake: Curriculum Alignment: Work closely with educational institutions to align their curricula with the principles and objectives outlined in the NEP. This could involve incorporating elements such as critical thinking, problem-solving, ethics, and multidisciplinary learning into the curriculum to better prepare students for officer positions. Joint Programs and Workshops: Collaborate on joint programs, workshops, and seminars that focus on leadership development, physical fitness, and military ethos. This could include inviting military personnel to educational institutions for guest lectures or organizing military training sessions for students interested in pursuing a career in the Armed forces. Internship and Training Opportunities: Provide internship and training opportunities for students within the Armed forces. This could involve structured programs where students get hands-on experience in various military roles, allowing them to gain practical skills and insights into the demands of officer positions. Research Collaborations: Collaborate on research projects that address challenges and issues relevant to the Armed forces. This could involve conducting research on topics such as defense technology, strategic studies, or military history, with the aim of producing knowledge that can benefit both the military and academia. Recruitment Drives and Career Counseling: Organize recruitment drives and career counseling sessions in educational institutions to raise awareness about opportunities available in the Armed forces. This could include providing information about different career paths, eligibility criteria, and the selection process for officer positions. Scholarship Programs: Establish scholarship programs for students interested in pursuing a career in the Armed forces. This could include financial assistance for tuition fees, living expenses, or specialized training programs that enhance candidates' qualifications for officer positions. Exchange Programs: Facilitate exchange programs between educational institutions and military academies to promote cross-cultural understanding and collaboration. This could involve student exchanges, faculty exchanges, or joint research initiatives that foster collaboration and mutual learning. Continuing Education Programs for Serving Personnel: Offer continuing education programs for serving personnel to help them stay updated on the latest developments in their field and enhance their qualifications for officer positions. This could include online courses, workshops, or degree programs tailored to the needs of military personnel. By collaborating with educational institutions in these ways, the Indian Armed forces can leverage the benefits of the New Education Policy to attract and recruit high-quality candidates for officer positions, while also fostering a culture of lifelong learning and professional development within the military.