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Sunday, 20 November 2022

#SecurityScan 18: 'No Money for Terror', India's G20 Presidency and Cinema's soft power

https://www.newsbharati.com/Encyc/2022/11/20/Security-Scan-18.html 

#SecurityScan 18: 'No Money for Terror', India's G20 Presidency and Cinema's soft power

At the global security conference, ‘No Money for Terror’, PM Modi said that “must be a cost imposed on countries that support terrorism”.

NewsBharati    20-Nov-2022 07:15:16 AM

  

BRIG Hemant Mahajan

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This article is a summary of important events that have taken place in last one week affecting, India's national security.

 


 

 

 

News In Brief

 

 

-  Instances of drones bringing drugs, arms and ammunition along the Punjab and Jammu borders from across Pakistan has more than doubled in 2022 and the BSF is looking for a foolproof solution, the force's Director General Pankaj Kumar Singh has said. While the BSF detected about 79 drone flights along the India-Pakistan international border in 2020, it increased to 109 last year and "more than doubled at 266 this year".

 

- Amid reports of Chinese buildup across the LAC, the Indian Army has built infrastructure for housing 450 tanks and over 22,000 troops in the Eastern Ladakh sector opposite China.Presently nine tunnels which include a "2.535 Km long Sela tunnel, which will be the highest bi-lane tunnel in the world are under construction. 11 more tunnels are also under planning."This will improve Indian Armies capability tremendously.

 

- Indian Army primed for indigenous modernisation: Vice Chief of Army Staff "Indian Army has recognised the importance of private sector in defence manufacturing. We want participation of the private sector," Lt Gen Raju said.

 

- Resources around the world are limited, the defence minister has said, and emphasised on exercising "financial prudence" in using them. Resources should be used at the right places and there should be no wastage, he added. "A penny saved is a penny earned, and this applies fully to resources too.

 

- Illegal migration, cross-border activities major challenges along Indo-Bangla border: MHA.The government has decided to undertake the work of installation of floodlights in West Bengal, Meghalaya, Assam, Mizoram and Tripura along the India-Bangladesh border. Out of 3,077.549 km of border floodlight sanctioned, 2,681.99 km of work has been completed. The rest is to be completed by March 2023.

 

- India bats for free Indo-Pacific at EAS amid China's South China Sea claims.India's position was highlighted by Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar who led India at the EAS Summit in Cambodia. China's territorial claims in the South China Sea region by creating islands and fortifying them has led to fears that such a move would impact freedom of navigation in one the world's busiest trade routes.

 

 

INTERNAL SECURITY

 

 

SFJ Pannun announces next round of Khalistan referendum in Australian’s Canberra

 


 

 

 

A rocket-propelled grenade attack on Punjab Police in Mohali, installing Khalistan flags at the entrance of Himachal Pradesh assembly, threats to multiple Chief Ministers and other who's who via telephonic audio messages in recent months, all have been linked to the proscribed terrorist organisation, Sikhs For Justice (SFJ) founded by Gurpatwant Singh Pannun, operating out now of Canada.

 

On Tuesday, Pannun announced that the next round of Khalistan referendum will be held in the Australian capital of Canberra to express support for a separate Sikh-state.


 

Despite the SFJ being a banned organisation in India since 2019 and Pannu being declared a terrorist, countries like Canada, the UK and the US, with a sizable Sikh diaspora, have allowed the organisation to conduct anti-India activities.

 

In the Canadian city of Mississauga, the Sikh diaspora was made to vote over Khalistan referendum, a major irritant in India-Canada ties, the second in the country.

 

Last month, Interpol had rejected a request by India to issue a Red Notice against Pannun, saying Indian authorities have not provided sufficient information on him.

 

"Since these handful Khalistanis (radicals) have no base in India, they are doing referendum and propagating the Khalistan agenda just to establish their base overseas in western countries by raising funds from Pakistan intelligence agency ISI and similar agencies in China.

 

The western countries don't see any crime to prosecute Pannun and other hardliners as they think it will be a violation of the freedom of expression.

 

 

ECONOMIC SECURITY

 

 

US Treasury removes India from its Currency Monitoring List

 

 

The US Department of Treasury withdrew India from its list of significant trading partners on its Currency Monitoring List after two years. The macroeconomic policies and monetary practices of the nations on the list is kept under watch.

 

A nation is regarded as a "currency manipulator" if it appears on the US Currency Monitoring List. The US government designates nations that use "unfair currency practices" to their advantage in international trade as currency manipulators.

 

The US Department of Treasury listed the seven economies that are now under observation as China, Japan, Korea, Germany, Malaysia, Singapore, and Taiwan in its biannual report to Congress.

 


 

 

 

This (the removal from US’ Currency Monitoring List) means that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) can now take robust measures to manage the exchange rates effectively, without being tagged as a currency manipulator. This is a big win from a markets standpoint and also signifies the growing role of India in global growth."

 

The RBI recently made decisions like buying dollars during times of surplus inflows and selling dollars during times of outflows to control currency rates amid the rupee's decline. Dollars rise can now be managed much better, which will help the country economically.



https://www.newsbharati.com/Encyc/2022/11/20/Security-Scan-18.html

Tuesday, 15 November 2022

New I&B Ministry guidelines-TV channels obliged to promote ‘national interest’

 


 

The Union Government’s revised guidelines for uplinking and downlinking of satellite TV channels, aimed at making India a ‘teleport hub for other countries’, include one new section ,the clause that states TV channels must devote at least 30 minutes every day to content designed to promote ‘public service and national interest’. The Cabinet has given its approval to guidelines that have made it obligatory for TV channels to telecast such content on eight themes — education and spread of literacy; agriculture and rural development; health and family welfare; science and technology; welfare of women; welfare of the weaker sections of society; protection of environment and of cultural heritage; and national integration. The rationale for the move, according to the policy document, lies in the fact that ‘airwaves/frequencies are public property and need to be used in the best interest of the society’.

 

Though the guidelines came into effect on November 9, the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting has said that TV channels would be given time to conceptualise and create content on the eight themes. The guidelines are binding on all channels except foreign ones and those devoted to wildlife and live telecast of sports. According to the ministry, in case any channel is found to be non-compliant, an explanation will be sought from it.

 

The newspapers and TV channels today are full of negative news in the country, while the fact is lot of positive things are also taking place in the country and they must be brought to the notice of common people. The media should not create an atmosphere of despondency that this country has no future. Bad news is good news for media for increasing their TRP, however in the interest of the country positive news also should be given due importance. Most of the  bad news in the International Media is written by Indians who are who are have a very negative opinion about their own country. This must stop.

On the face of it, there seems little to fault in the choice of the eight themes or even the advisory — after all, the idea of promoting ‘national interest’ is good. However, the real problem lies in the interpretation of the term ‘national interest’.On the flip side, more pliable channels could turn this 30-minute programming into advertorials. The ministry, thus, must display flexibility and let it be just an advisory with no punitive action attached.

 

COP27 summit in Egypt -  world needs to implement a ‘now or never’ plan

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has hit the nail on the head: ‘We are on a highway to climate hell with our foot on the accelerator.’ During his speech at the COP27 summit in Egypt, he has warned that the uncontrolled rise in greenhouse gas emissions and global temperatures will make climate chaos irreversible. Cooperate or perish – that’s his simple message to humanity.

A key reason for the sorry state of affairs is the rich countries’ reluctance to expedite the transition from fossil fuels and give adequate funds to poorer nations to tackle climate change. Underprivileged countries, mostly from the African continent where the summit is being held, have repeatedly sought compensation from rich nations for losses caused by climate-induced disasters such as floods, storms, heat waves and wildfires.

 

Amid the persistent gloom, the newly unveiled Executive Action Plan for the Early Warnings for All offers a ray of hope. The plan, prepared by the World Meteorological Organisation and its partners, calls for new targeted investments of $3.1 billion between 2023 and 2027. Its purpose is to facilitate climate adaptation and resilience by offering services related to disaster risk knowledge, forecasting and communication of early warnings anywhere on the planet. Timely alerts are expected to help underprepared nations get their act together and minimise the damage likely to be caused by extreme weather events.

Monday, 14 November 2022

LWE eliminated from Bihar and Jharkhand

 


In 2010,  nearly 100 districts in the country were under total domination of Maoists. Today, only 39 districts have a presence of Maoists, and they are nowhere as powerful in their areas as even eight years ago.

 

Incidents of violence involving Maoists are down from 2,258 in 2009 to 509 in 2021.

 

Death rate is down by 85 per cent: the death toll in Maoist-related violence was 1,005 in 2010; it was down to 147 in 2021.

 

Of 32 Maoist-linked incidents in 2022, two were incidents of killing, which resulted in four fatalities, all Maoists (data until 25 September 2022)

The arc of violence has been considerably restricted with just 30 districts accounting 88% of the LWE violence. The Communist Party of India (CPI) (Maoist) continues to be the most potent among the various LWE outfits in the country and accounted for more than 86% of total LWE violent incidents and 96% of resultant deaths.

While the success of eliminating LWE from Bihar and Jharkhand is to be lauded still the core is intact in Chhattisgarh.Following needs to be done:-

Strengthening and upgrading security forces, strengthening intelligence gathering, cutting off funds for Maoists, cracking down on overground sympathisers and workers, and ‘urban Naxals’and confining them to the jungles will have to be done. An all out assault will then have to be launched.

 

New I&B Ministry guidelines-TV channels obliged to promote ‘national interest’

 

The Union Government’s revised guidelines for uplinking and downlinking of satellite TV channels, aimed at making India a ‘teleport hub for other countries’, include one new section ,the clause that states TV channels must devote at least 30 minutes every day to content designed to promote ‘public service and national interest’. The Cabinet has given its approval to guidelines that have made it obligatory for TV channels to telecast such content on eight themes — education and spread of literacy; agriculture and rural development; health and family welfare; science and technology; welfare of women; welfare of the weaker sections of society; protection of environment and of cultural heritage; and national integration. The rationale for the move, according to the policy document, lies in the fact that ‘airwaves/frequencies are public property and need to be used in the best interest of the society’.

 

Though the guidelines came into effect on November 9, the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting has said that TV channels would be given time to conceptualise and create content on the eight themes. The guidelines are binding on all channels except foreign ones and those devoted to wildlife and live telecast of sports. According to the ministry, in case any channel is found to be non-compliant, an explanation will be sought from it.

 

The newspapers and TV channels today are full of negative news in the country, while the fact is lot of positive things are also taking place in the country and they must be brought to the notice of common people. The media should not create an atmosphere of despondency that this country has no future. Bad news is good news for media for increasing their TRP, however in the interest of the country positive news also should be given due importance. Most of the  bad news in the International Media is written by Indians who are who are have a very negative opinion about their own country. This must stop.

On the face of it, there seems little to fault in the choice of the eight themes or even the advisory — after all, the idea of promoting ‘national interest’ is good. However, the real problem lies in the interpretation of the term ‘national interest’.On the flip side, more pliable channels could turn this 30-minute programming into advertorials. The ministry, thus, must display flexibility and let it be just an advisory with no punitive action attached.

Sunday, 13 November 2022

#SecurityScan 17: Malabar Exercise, Rafale, India - Russia Oil trade and more

https://www.newsbharati.com/Encyc/2022/11/12/Security-Scan-17.html 

LWE Eliminated From Bihar And Jharkhand

 

 

In 2010, nearly 100 districts in the country were under total domination of Maoists. Today, only 30 districts have a presence of Maoists, and they are nowhere as powerful in their areas as even eight years ago.

 

Incidents of violence involving Maoists are down from 2,258 in 2009 to 509 in 2021.Death rate is down by 85 per cent: the death toll in Maoist-related violence was 1,005 in 2010; it was down to 147 in 2021.


 

Of 32 Maoist-linked incidents in 2022, two were incidents of killing, which resulted in four fatalities, all Maoists (data until 25 September 2022)

 

The arc of violence has been considerably restricted with just 30 districts accounting 88% of the LWE violence. The Communist Party of India (CPI) (Maoist) continues to be the most potent among the various LWE outfits in the country and accounted for more than 86% of total LWE violent incidents and 96% of resultant deaths.

 

While the success of eliminating LWE from Bihar and Jharkhand is to be lauded still the core is intact in Chhattisgarh.Following needs to be done:-

 

Strengthening and upgrading security forces, strengthening intelligence gathering, cutting off funds for Maoists, cracking down on overground sympathisers and workers, and ‘urban Naxals’and confining them to the jungles will have to be done. An all out assault will then have to be launched.

 

 

Boost to Make For World-Kalyani strategic systems gets howitzer export order worth USD 155 million

 


 

 

 

Kalyani is one of the major investors in the defense sector and has been offering a number of weapon systems to India as well as foreign countries. The company has been working with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to develop the advanced tower artillery gun system (ATAGS) and has also developed an ultra-light howitzer.

 

 

BEL signs MoU with Aerosense Tech to leverage complementary strengths


 

 

The MoU aims at leveraging the complementary strengths and capabilities of BEL and Aerosense Technologies Pvt Ltd, said a joint statement from the companies. The tie-up would enable the two companies design and develop drones and soft kill aerial anti-drone systems.

 

 

After Pinaka, another Indian Artillery System to be exported

 

 

The 155 mm artillery gun, which has been indigenously designed and manufactured, will be delivered to the friendly foreign nation over the next three years. The company has not disclosed the customer or the number of guns to be supplied but has said that the order is for a "non-conflict zone"

 

The AAP government in Punjab has demonstrated lack of political will in taking action against perpetrators.

 

Punjab has recorded 29,400 paddy crop residue burning events in the current harvest season from September 15 to November 5, as against 28,792 during the same period last year. The state has some 50,000 tractor-drawn happy, super and smart seeders that can remove the standing paddy stubble and incorporate it into the soil, while simultaneously sowing the seeds of the next wheat crop. These — along with an equal number of other machines (mulchers, rotavators, straw balers, choppers, reversible mould board ploughs, etc) — should, at least on paper, enable a significant part of Punjab’s wheat area to be planted without setting fields on fire. That’s not happening. A ground report has shown even farmers having access to the machines taking the easy way out, unmindful of the public health costs, while Haryana is winning the fight against stubble burning.

 





https://www.newsbharati.com/Encyc/2022/11/12/Security-Scan-17.html

Monday, 7 November 2022

DRDO successfully tests Ballistic Missile Defence(BMD) Interceptor Indian counter to Chinese one belt one road for benefit of CAR countries Boost to Make In India

 

DRDO successfully tests Ballistic Missile Defence(BMD) Interceptor

The AD-1 is a long-range interceptor missile designed for both low exo-atmospheric and endo-atmospheric interception of long-range ballistic missiles as well as aircraft. It is propelled by a two-stage solid motor and equipped with indigenously-developed advanced control system, navigation and guidance algorithm to precisely guide the vehicle to the target.

It is a unique type of interceptor with advanced technologies that are available to very few nations in the world. It will further strengthen India's BMD capability.This interceptor will provide great operational flexibility to the users and has the capability to engage many different types of targets.

India pitches INSTC, Chabahar for Central Asian economies

"Underlined that we need better connectivity in the SCO region built on centrality of interests of central Asian states. Will unlock the economic potential of this region in which Chabahar port and INSTC could become enablers. Connectivity projects should respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of member states and respect international law," Jaishankar said after a virtual meeting of the 21st Shanghai Cooperation Organisation heads of government meet on Wednesday.

Indian counter to Chinese one belt one road for benefit of CAR countries.

Space and Undersea Cables: Analysing India’s Communication Security

Space and undersea cables are critical to India’s communications infrastructure. While India’s space programme has been largely successful, in undersea cables, India is barely uses undersea cables for communications with rest of world.

As global reliance on undersea cables and the data it carries, grows, India’s security interests strategically converge with maritime cables and space, and opens opportunities for international cooperation with countries like Japan,South Korea who are leaders in this field.

Boost to Make In India

The Indian Army on Friday approved Project Sanction Orders  of five Make II projects. These projects will give the necessary impetus to "Atma Nirbharata". The Army is focussing on the infusion of niche technologies through indigenous development. Following are projects whose PSOs have been approved by the Indian Army:

·        High Frequency Man Packed Software Designed Radio (HFSDR)

·        Drone Kill System:

·        Infantry Training Weapon Simulator (IWTS)

·        155mm Terminally Guided Munitions (TGM)

·        Medium Range Precision Kill System (MRPKS):