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Monday, 25 September 2023

Countering Chinese Grey Zone Warfare In Maritime Domain Stop Chinese Use Of Maritime Assets, Shipping For Maritime Intelligence Operations part 1

 There are ongoing investigations into whether China's shipping cranes could be utilized as espionage tools. Beijing's systematic information-gathering endeavors potentially enable the pinpointing of critical Western and Indian  trade and supply chain vulnerabilities, as well as the monitoring of military shipments, equipment, and components.


Global maritime operations conducted by Beijing serve a dual purpose as intelligence-gathering outposts. Over the past three decades, the Chinese government has been actively seeking access and influence in open seas, strategic shipping lanes, and foreign ports worldwide.

China's ownership, co-ownership, or operation of around 96 foreign ports globally reflects its expanding portfolio, including recent acquisitions in Hamburg, Germany, and the Solomon Islands.

Given Beijing's increasingly adversarial stance towards the West in economic and geopolitical matters, it is imperative to thoroughly comprehend and mitigate the risks associated with Chinese maritime infrastructure ownership.

What specific measures should the Western world and India take to mitigate challenges posed by Chinese takeover of maritime assets all over the world?

What should be done so that free flow of global merchant traffic takes place both during peace time and war time?


Approximately 90% of the world's trade relies on sea routes to transport finished goods, components, and commodities to international markets. However, this critical maritime trade is vulnerable to disruptions caused by various factors such as pandemics, port congestion, or ship blockages in canals. While historical wartime embargoes involved fleets of ships, contemporary warfare can incapacitate shipping through the manipulation of information.


Chinese seeking influence in open seas, strategic shipping lanes, and foreign ports

Foreign ownership or control of ports and logistics operations is not inherently problematic, as companies from the Netherlands, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates similarly own and manage numerous overseas ports.

Our understanding must encompass identifying precisely what information Beijing has access to, what data it collects, and how intelligence-gathering activities are linked to Chinese port operations.

China's maritime operations raise two significant concerns. First, China has introduced extensive and relatively opaque information-gathering infrastructure at critical ports across the world. Second, Chinese laws mandate that all Chinese companies, whether private or state-owned, operating abroad must gather and report intelligence on foreign entities to the Chinese government.


Given Beijing's increasingly adversarial stance towards the West in economic and geopolitical matters, it is imperative to thoroughly comprehend and mitigate the risks associated with Chinese infrastructure ownership.


Out of the world's 75 leading container ports located outside the Chinese mainland, almost half have some degree of Chinese ownership or operational involvement, with the latter being more substantial, enabling China to control access to terminals, supplies, dry docks, and storage facilities. Over half of China's overseas maritime assets are strategically positioned along major shipping routes traversing the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal, the Mediterranean Sea, and other vital waterways.


China's maritime presence, varying from smaller facilities to larger operations with considerable operational control, creates opportunities for extensive information-gathering and strategic activities.

Also, China holds the world's leading shipping capacity, encompassing a vast commercial fleet, including container ships, oil tankers, liquid natural gas transporters, and bulk carriers for commodities like coal and grain. China manufactures over 90% of all shipping containers and 80% of the world's ship-to-shore cranes.


Chinese shipping activities serve as data collection outposts, engaged in intelligence-gathering

Chinese shipping activities abroad serve as data collection outposts, engaged in intelligence-gathering and surveillance on a massive scale. Numerous ports globally utilize China's logistical software system, LOGINK, to monitor a wide range of trade-related information, including vessel and cargo status, customs data, billing and payment records, geo location data, pricing information, regulatory filings, permits, passenger manifests, and booking details. Chinese-owned ports also host 5G telecommunications towers, while China provides the operating systems for port facility computers.

Chinese stringent policies, which compel all commercial activities to align with the state's interests. Chinese port, shipping, and logistics companies are legally obligated to gather information for the Chinese Communist Party, and Chinese law obstructs the flow of shipping data, such as vessel location signals, to other nations.


China, already possessing the world's largest navy, benefits from access to a global network of state-owned ports. While Beijing operates only one foreign naval base in Djibouti, Chinese military vessels routinely visit Chinese commercial ports, which could serve as crucial resupply points or repair facilities during conflicts. Consequently, China is increasingly emphasizing civilian-military interoperability in maritime infrastructure and other domains.


Restoring Western and Indian shipyards to the necessary capacity will require a significant investment

Beijing has blurred the line between commercial and military activities. In fact, all nominally civilian ports constructed with Chinese assistance abroad are designed with potential military use in mind. Additionally, Chinese law mandates that all civilian-owned assets and operations must provide support to the Chinese military in the event of a conflict. Presently, approximately one-third of ports with Chinese company investments have hosted Chinese naval vessels.


In February, the shipping giant Maersk took delivery of a new cargo vessel that meets the International Maritime Organization's zero-emission shipping requirements. The vessel, named the Maersk Biscayne, was constructed at the Jiangsu New Yangzi shipyard in China. Maersk has several more ships awaiting construction at Chinese shipyards, highlighting the shipping industry's growing dependence on Chinese facilities.

This dependency becomes a concern at a time when tensions between China and the West are escalating. Unfortunately, restoring Western and Indian shipyards to the necessary capacity will require a significant investment of both time and resources.

Sunday, 24 September 2023

"From Tanks to Tractors: Pakistan's Army Transforms for Food Security, Sparking Concerns Over Military Dominance"

In a bid to enhance food security, the Pakistani military is transitioning from tanks to tractors by acquiring extensive parcels of government-owned land. However, this initiative is triggering concerns about the military's ever-present influence in a nation grappling with economic turmoil.

This undertaking, occurring two decades after a deadly uprising sparked by pay disputes at a military-run farm, coincides with Pakistan's struggle with depleting foreign currency reserves that hinder its capacity to import essential food and commodities. Protests have erupted due to surging electricity bills related to the terms of an International Monetary Fund bailout.


Launched earlier this year through a collaborative effort between civil and military entities, the new food security plan seeks to bolster agricultural production on state land leased to army-run farms. Advocates assert that this will result in higher crop yields and water conservation. However, the blueprint faces legal challenges and criticism for potentially diverting profits to a military ill-suited for a task that could benefit some of Pakistan's 25 million rural landless individuals.


While land is frequently allocated to active and retired military personnel for private use, the latest transfer could potentially establish the Pakistani military as the country's largest landowner, according to critics.


An environmental lawyer, representing the Public Interest Law Association of Pakistan in challenging the land transfer, remarked, "The role of the army is to defend against external threats and assist the civilian government when requested, nothing more, nothing less."


Numerous specifics of the plan remain unclear, including the timeline for full farm operation. On paper, the army aims to acquire up to 1 million acres of land in Punjab province, an area approximately 5,500 times the size of Beijing's Forbidden City or nearly three times the size of Delhi. Most of this land is situated in the Cholistan Desert, an arid region susceptible to water shortages. Additionally, around 110,000 acres of land in adjacent districts are slated for transfer.


Although the Lahore High Court initially halted the army's land transfer, this ruling was later overturned by another bench in July.


The military has been granted leases for up to 30 years to cultivate cash crops like wheat, cotton, sugar cane, as well as vegetables and fruits. Leaked government documents suggest that 20% of any profit will be allocated for agricultural research and development, with the remainder divided equally between the army and the state government.


Fongrow, a subsidiary of an army conglomerate established to provide employment for retired military personnel, has already developed a 2,250-acre corporate farm in Punjab, specializing in cotton and corn. Their website claims a remarkable 135% increase in average crop yields.


However, it remains uncertain whether any of the land earmarked for transfer is currently under cultivation or controlled by small landowners. Converting a desert into fertile agricultural land presents another unanswered challenge.


"Typically, army officers have limited farming knowledge," remarked one expert. "There are numerous agricultural graduates without jobs who possess the necessary skills to handle this task."


Past experiences with army-operated farms have also raised eyebrows. The military has managed farms inherited from the British colonial era for decades. In 2000, a revolt erupted when the army attempted to replace a crop-sharing system with cash payments at a vast site in Punjab. It was revealed that the military's land lease had expired almost 70 years earlier, leading to a crackdown that resulted in numerous arrests and the deaths of at least four farmers. In that case, "the benefits accrued to the military, even though the farms themselves were tilled by tenant farmers who were essentially treated like serfs."


Pakistan's military, which already wields significant influence in the nation of around 230 million, gained more authority through recent controversial legislation that legalized all past, current, and future army-government ventures aimed at bolstering national development or strategic interests. These changes come as elections are expected, and public frustration mounts over the imprisonment of former Prime Minister Imran Khan on corruption charges, which he attributed to the army chief of staff.


It's reported that even more land for corporate farming is being offered to Gulf states and China through the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Local media have quoted the army's chief as seeking approximately $100 billion in investment from these countries, including farm projects, which could facilitate substantial agreements between foreign firms and the Pakistani military.


However, the Pakistani government's own policy documents advocate for an alternative approach to addressing food shortages by investing in small farmers and equipping them with the necessary skills to produce their own food, suggesting a different path toward food security in the country.


 Is the Timing of the Announcement Significant?

 Many would wonder why Justin Trudeau would risk announcing the suspected allegations of an Indian hand in Nijjar's killing immediately after a successful G20 meeting in New Delhi. Nijjar was killed in June 23, so why now? It could have been before or a little later, too. It is hard to conjecture the timing, but it must be significant. Any reason would be speculation or an intelligent guess.

 One of the principal reasons could be Justin Trudeau is fast losing popularity in Canada. As per a survey conducted by an agency, Justin Trudeau was voted as the worst Prime Minister of the last 55 years in Canada by 30 % of Canadians. As per another research firm, The Angus Reid Institute, Justin Trudeau's disapproval rating in September 2023 had risen to a dismal 63%. Given this fact, Justin Trudeau could be preparing himself for another early election. The next general elections should be before 30 October 2025. Still, as per grapevine in Canada, it could be held in the fall of 2023. A ploy like what he has employed could very well be for the domestic audience to make himself a worthy prime minister for the fourth time. It's a known fact in Canada that Justin Trudeau has gotten shoddy treatment whenever he has visited India. Even during the G20 meeting, he was treated as a pariah while all diplomatic niceties were extended. He skipped the main dinner function hosted by President Murmu, and to add salt to his wounds, his plane developed a snag. It could not take off for an unprecedented 36 hours. Justin Trudeau was waiting to strike to regain some lost pride.

 A second possible reason could be a Western conspiracy to keep Prime Minister Modi in check. The unprecedented success of the 20 meeting and its rising popularity amongst the Global South countries has not gone unnoticed in the West. India's ability to pull off a declaration without the Russian condemnation of the Ukraine war has not appealed to the Western alliance, be it NATO or the EU. The countries who have expressed concern about the Canadian allegations are the UK, Australia and the US. All have expressed concern at the serious allegations made by Canada. None have questioned Justin Trudeau if there is any evidence to prove his allegations; why have they not been shared before making the allegations? Sources suggest that the Canadian prime minister had spoken to the heads of these countries, garnering support for Canada. That they have not openly criticised Prime Minister Mr Modi is possible due to a lack of conclusive evidence with the Canadian authorities. Yet a charge levied by Mr Justin Trudeau goes in their interests to keep Mr Modi in check. The West is miffed at India's stance on the Ukraine war and its continued oil diplomacy with Russia. What better way to get even?

 Who Loses More

In this part, the article looks at which of the two countries lost more due to this fresh diplomatic and political standoff. Justin Trudeau is slipping in the popularity ratings back home. His nearest rival, the CPC (Conservative Party of Canada), has taken the lead. As per the latest ratings, more Canadians favour a majority conservative party rule instead of a liberal minority in coalition with the NDP. The conservative party leader Pierre Poilievre is a more popular Prime Ministerial candidate than Justin Trudeau (32 to 17%). All the above is before the current India backlash by the liberals in the Canadian parliament. Would Trudeau lift his sagging image by 'Witch Hunting' is anyone's guess? Yet it seems unlikely that his latest theatrics will impress the voters, as it lacks support at home and abroad. Most Op-Eds (Opinion Editorials) in Canada are critical of Trudeau for levying such severe charges without concrete proof, which he has not shared in the open.

The aspect which matters most for the Canadians is their sagging economy. The trade figures between India and Canada seem to have an even balance between exports and imports. In 2022, the bilateral between the two countries stood at 8 billion US dollars, with both Imports and Exports at roughly 4 billion US dollars. What was on offing would trouble Canada more than it would bother India. A bilateral Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) was in the offing, and discussions have continued since 2022. The CEPA was expected to bring a GDP gain of up to 5.9 billion dollars US to Canada by 2035. Earlier this month, the CEPA was put on hold due to the freeze in Indo-Canadian relations. While India is a sought-after partner for free trade deals by most European and South Asian countries, Canada is still juggling the pandemic's after-effects.  600 Canadian companies have invested in India as against India's 30. Canadian pension funds have a cumulative investment of 55 billion US dollars in the Indian markets with a plan to up it to 300 billion. Canada stands to lose substantially by the deferment of the CEPA.

The travel advisory by the Indian government to students and tourists not to travel to Canada in light of the anti-India sentiments existing in some parts of the country, like Brampton, Ontario, would further dampen Canada's revenues. Since the matter is still to peak, it would take a while before the correct estimates of numbers in terms of loss or gain are made public. It might appear on the face of it that Canada stands to lose more even if it makes short-term gains in politics. Fortunately, there are no military fallouts of this feud.


It is hard to see the current standoff letting up in the near future. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has staked his political career on his anti-India tirades. Such a big gamble must have some basis in the liberal party's future schemes. That he has political compulsions of siding with the pro-Khalistan party, the NDP, to stay in power is a known fact. But would a leader stake the future of his party for the sake of a four-year term is the conjecture that political pundits have to ponder. On the side of the Government of India, it can be stated that parties opposed to the ruling BJP alliance, despite their vast differences, have supported the government in fighting the Canadian government's allegations. Congress has supported it, and so has the ruling party in Punjab: the Aam Adami party. Congress had no choice as the Khalistan support in Canada was first raised by Mrs Indira Gandhi to the then Prime Minister of Canada, Mr Pierre Trudeau, the father of Justin Trudeau. Rajiv Gandhi's government bore the aftermath of the Kanishka bombing. Experts believe India has been soft on Canada in denouncing its pro-liberal policies favouring the Khalistanis. The latest freeze in relations would give ample opportunity for India to throw all it has got against the Khalistan interests in Canada, India, and Pakistan. It's unlikely that the Modi government would exonerate the liberal party and their Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, in a hurry. Canada would have to think hard about where it stands vis-a-vis India if any amends are to be made. And if that means voting out Justin Trudeau and his party out of power, then it would be a good beginning


The Indo-Canada feud was known to most people. While it was known that the relations were on a cold track, the allegations by Justin Trudeau in the Canadian parliament against the Indian government have come as a jolt. What would be the after-effects, and where would India-Canada ties go from here? This piece tries to analyse and answer some questions. It would take a long time before the long-term impact of the crisis is well understood. I hope, for the time being, some questions have been answered. Happy reading.


Hollywood movies have been the best barometer to understand America's shifting enemy number one. Depiction of the villain's nationality and business interests were symbolic of US foreign policy concerns. From World War II to the Mission Impossible series, Hollywood showcased villains in ways that would be hard for foreign policy mandarins to portray. A somewhat similar trend is seen in Bollywood movies, too. Would the next Bollywood movie villain be a Canadian? That possibility seems bright in the aftermath of Justin Trudeau's unsubstantiated allegations in the Canadian parliament against India, accusing the Indian government of having a hand in killing a Canadian citizen, Hardeep Singh Nijjar. Justin Trudeau, a Canadian citizen, was declared a terrorist by India in 2020. A man known for violent terrorist acts in India, the Indian government had submitted an extradition request. Najjar was gunned down earlier this year in June 2023 near a Sikh temple in Surrey in the British Columbia Province of Canada by two unidentified bike-borne assailants. India has called these allegations absurd. By stating unproven allegations in the nation's parliament, Justin Trudeau has raised the banner of a political and diplomatic offensive against India.

Historical Perspective

 Canada has been sympathetic to the Pro Khalistan Sikh lobby in their country since the early 1970s. It is hard to pinpoint why it started, but it's easy to explain why it exists today. The easiest way to describe Canada's honeymoon with Pro Khalistan is their lack of understanding of the ramifications of Khalistan politics and their unwillingness to rap the knuckles of a community contributing handsomely to the Canadian economy.

 Canada has been a favoured destination for Indians looking for greener pastures abroad and for Indian students pursuing higher studies. Canada, too, was eager and happy to have a migrant population who were hard-working and studious. It fitted their requirements admirably. People from Punjab benefitted the most from this open-door Canadian policy. They migrated in numbers and took up many jobs which were hard for locals to run. Farming, truck business, highway petrol pumps and restaurants are a few examples. The Sikh population, with their never-say-die approach, thrived and became prosperous.

The turbulent period of the eighties saw a large influx of the Sikh population migrating to Canada under the pretext of persecution by the Indian government. They were pro-Khalistan and Bhindranwle supporters escaping the law after Operation Blue Star. Canadian government proved to be a tacit supporter of these people, who organised into a pro-Khalistan group under the leadership of Sikh leaders like Talwinder Singh Parmar, who was in cahoots with Jagjit Singh Chohan, the self-styled leader of Khalistan operating from London. Under Parmar's leadership, Air India Flight 182 of Kanishka was bombed from Toronto to London. 329 people died, making it the worst aviation tragedy in mid-air until 9/11. Canada botched up the investigation, and despite the plethora of evidence and a commission finding, only one man was convicted of manslaughter, and all he got was fifteen years imprisonment.

The above narrative proves the history of Canada in turning a blind eye to the proliferating pro-Khalistan elements on its soil. The neglect became a compulsion. As Sikhs became more prosperous, their political ambitions and pro-Khalistan roots surfaced more prominent than ever before. They took seats in the Canadian parliament and, since the 2021 general elections, became coalition partners with Justin Trudeau's liberal party. The Liberal Party was ten short of the majority in a 338-seat parliament. They took the support of the NDP (New Democratic Party) led by the Pro Khalistan Sikh leader Jagmeet Singh. The NDP had secured 25 seats. The main opposition to the Liberal Party comes from the conservative party, which could secure only 119 seats, and Bloc Quebecois, who got 32 seats. Given this equation, Jagmeet Singh's NDP became the kingmaker and now calls the shots in charting Justin Trudeau's India policy.

 Is Justin Trudeau Justified in Accusing India?

The answer to this question lies in the politics of Justin Trudeau and his party. For long, the liberals have been hobnobbing with the Khalistani elements in Canada. They are prosperous and added to the vote bank, and party funds resonated with the political parties. However, their understanding of its ramifications in India was poorly understood or, at best, ignored. The Indian governments, cutting across party lines, had been requesting the Canadian governments to reign in the separatist elements who had taken shelter in Canada. In 2015, a lookout notice was sent to the Canadian government on Hardeep Sing Nijjar, the terrorist at the centre of the controversy over his extradition to India. The Canadian government was conspicuous by its inaction to the Indian government's request. The final nail in the coffin was when, in 2017, Justin Trudeau, as the prime minister of Canada, attended a Sikh parade in Toronto which voiced a cessation from India by displaying Khalistan flags and photos of Bhindranwale, the separatist militant leader killed in Operation Blue Star, in 1984. India sent a strong demarche to the Canadian high commissioner in New Delhi, condemning the presence of their prime minister at such an event, which openly advocated for separatism in India. Justin Trudeau's India stance was thus clear; he refused to act against Canada's free speech and demonstrations tradition. He, therefore, was on the foreign ministry sights for a diplomatic snub. His 2018 state visit to India was exactly that: A Great Snub. His week-long visit saw the Canadian prime minister shuttling across the length and breadth of the nation in a photo op without meeting any senior government functionary. Suppose the recent utterings in his parliament have their origins in that state tour, then it won't come as a surprise to Canada watchers.

The freeze that started in 2018 between the two nations peaked in the recent G 20 visit. It was known before the meeting that relations with Canada were going only one way: South, thanks to their undeterred support of the Khalistan faction at home. Posters had appeared on the streets threatening Indian diplomats with dire consequences, meaning death threats. A tableau called a 'Float' in Canada was taken out in a referendum parade by Khalistan Supporters eulogising the brutal killing of Mrs Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguard in June this year. India condemned the entire proceedings and took up this matter with the Canadian government and their high commission in India but to no avail. It was then clear that the Justin Trudeau government was out of its depth to take any concrete action against the pro-Khalistan elements in Canada. Hence, the future was known to be bleak. What followed in the G20 and the aftermath was a foregone conclusion. Is Justin Trudeau justified in doing what he did? It would depend upon which side one is on. From an Indian perspective, he is out of political depth to start such a political misadventure, which could bury him politically at home and abroad.

Saturday, 23 September 2023

बुडलेली/हरवलेली चीनी पाणबुडी, गेल्या महिन्याभरापासून गायब झालेले चीनचे स...

आय एम इ सी प्रकल्प बनू शकतो भारताकरता एक गेम चेंजर भारत, पश्चिम आशिया व युरोप यांना जोडणारा मार्ग PART 2


या प्रकल्पांतर्गत दोन वेगळे कॉरिडॉर

आयएमईसी मध्ये दोन वेगळे कॉरिडॉर असतील. इस्ट कॉरिडॉरच्या माध्यमातून भारताला मध्य आशियाशी जोडले जाईल. तर नॉर्थ कॉरिडॉरच्या माध्यमातून पश्चिम आशियाला युरोपशी जोडले जाईल.  एकदा हा प्रकल्प पूर्ण झाला की एका देशातून दुसऱ्या देशात जहाजांच्या तसेच रेल्वेच्या माध्यमातून एक विश्वासार्ह आणि पुरक दळणवळणाचे जाळे निर्माण होईल.

हा प्रकल्प अमेरिका नेतृत्व करत असलेल्या पार्टनरशीप ऑफ ग्लोबल इन्फ्रास्टकर्च इन्हेवस्टमेंट’ (पीजीआयआय) या प्रकल्पाचा एक भाग आहे . २०२३ सालाच्या मे महिन्यात जपानमधील हिरोशिमा येथे जी देशांची एक बैठक झाली होती. या बैठकीत या प्रकल्पावर चर्चा झाली होती.

चीनला शह देण्यासाठी कॉरिडॉर

चीन 365 दिवस भारताविरुद्ध मल्टी डोमेन युद्ध लढत असतो. यामधील एक महत्त्वाचा आयाम म्हणजे आर्थिक युद्धामध्ये चीनला शह देण्याकरता या प्रकल्पाचा मोठ्या उपयोग होणार आहे. चीनच्या बीआरआयप्रकल्पा ला समर्थ पर्याय म्हणून याकडे पाहिले जाते. भारताला थेट युरोपपर्यंत जोडणारा प्रकल्प म्हणून आयएमईसीकडे पाहावे लागेल. भारतीय मालाच्या निर्यातीला चालना देणारा , लाखो रोजगाराच्या संधी प्रदान करणारा ; तसेच प्रदेशातील भारताचे महत्त्व वाढवणारा हा प्रकल्प आहे. अमेरिका , ‘युरोपीय महासंघयात भारताचे भागीदार असणार आहेत.

व्यापार, कनेक्टिव्हिटी , ऊर्जा , सुरक्षा ,प्रादेशिक स्थैर्य यासाठी

विशेषतः मध्यपूर्वेमध्ये,जेथे संघर्ष,दहशतवाद आणि लागू असलेले निर्बंध यांच्यामुळे कॉरिडोरच्या क्रिया कलापांना तसेच गुंतवणुकीला धोका दिसून येतो.चीन, रशिया , इराण आणि तुर्की यांचे भौगोलिक राजकारण तसेच प्रदेशावर वर्चस्व ठेवण्यासाठीची स्पर्धा सहभागी देशांच्या हिताला मारक ठरू शकते.ते हा प्रकल्प प्रत्यक्षात येऊ नये किंवा त्याला नुकसान पोहोचवण्याचा ते प्रयत्न करू शकतात. प्रकल्पासाठीची अवाढव्य गुंतवणूक आणि समन्वय अत्यंत आवश्यक आहे. अनेक देश यात गुंतवणूक करत असल्याने वाहतूक पद्धती,मानके, नियम सारखे असले पाहिजे. त्याचवेळी मोठ्या प्रमाणावर पायाभूत सुविधा उभारताना नवीनतम तंत्रज्ञानाचा वापर यात केला जाईल.

सदैव गजबजलेल्या सुएझ कालव्याला एक समर्थ पर्याय म्हणूनही त्याकडे पाहिले जाते. युरोपला माल वाहतूक करण्यासाठी नवा मार्ग, यातून काढण्यात येणार आहे. भारतीय मालाच्या निर्यातीला चालना देणारा , रोजगार निर्माण करणारा , विदेशी गुंतवणुकीला आकर्षित करणारा ,असे याचे स्वरूप आहे. चीन वरील अवलंबित्व कमी करणारा तसेच व्यापारी भागीदारांमध्ये विविधता आणणारा ,असा हा कॉरिडोर आहे.

पाकिस्तानला वगळून भारत हा प्रकल्प उभारणार आहे. त्यामुळे पाकचे महत्त्व कमी करणारा प्रकल्प, असे या कडे पाहता येते. सौदी अरेबिया आणि संयुक्त अरब अमिराती हे पाकचे मित्रदेश यात सहभागी होत असल्याने, पाक प्रदेशात एकाकी पडणार आहे. अमेरिका आणि जपान हे चीनचे प्रतिस्पर्धी देश यात भारताचे भागीदार आहेत. 

मात्र पाकिस्तान सह चीनलाही व्यापाराच्या संधी हा प्रकल्प देउ शकतो. व्यापार, कनेक्टिव्हिटी , ऊर्जा , सुरक्षा ,प्रादेशिक स्थैर्य यासाठी हे दोन्ही देश भारतासोबत येऊ शकतात. भारताकरता हा आर्थिक महाप्रकल्प एक मोठा गेम चेंजर बनू शकतो.