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Saturday, 22 July 2017

China's Trafficked Brides Thanks to the one child policy, Chinese men are turning to Ukrainian brides and sex trafficking to find wives. By Eugene K. Chow July 19, 2017

The saying might be “love don’t cost a thing,” but in China, hopeful Shanghainese grooms are expected to pay as much as $147,000 to their future bride’s family. This growing cost, driven by a shortage of Chinese women, is why some bachelors are heading abroad in search of wives. In a surprising twist, many are looking to Eastern Europe, urged on by viral social media posts about Chinese men who have married young, local women. State-run newspapers have even joined the chorus extolling the benefits of going overseas. The Global Times profiled Yuan Shankai, a divorced artist from Beijing who headed to Eastern Europe to find love. According to Yuan, Eastern European women care little about your wealth. “What they really care about in men is whether they have a good character and their attitude toward family,” he said. Enjoying this article? Click here to subscribe for full access. Just $5 a month. Yuan is dating a Ukrainian woman, and he’s not alone. “In recent years, more of my friends are also going to [Eastern Europe] to find wives. Some of them already have,” he added. While stories of Chinese men finding love in unexpected places have appeared on Chinese social media and the international press, they belie a darker reality: rampant sex trafficking in China and its neighboring countries. Marriage in China has been upended by a mix of demographic changes, traditional customs, and market forces. At the heart of the problem is a greatly skewed gender balance with significantly more men of marrying age than women. As a result, men have resorted to different extremes when it comes to finding a bride – some far more sinister than others, whether they know it or not. As some middle-class Chinese men have turned to Eastern Europe, poor bachelors in rural areas have resorted to mail-order brides from Southeast Asia, which has fueled sex trafficking. Last month, the U.S. State Department labeled China a Tier 3 human trafficker, stating the country “does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so.” China was downgraded from previous years and now joins countries like Mali, Iran, and North Korea on the Tier 3 list as the worst traffickers in the world. A Generation of Bachelors A significant driver of sex trafficking in China is the lingering effect of its greatest social experiment: the One Child Policy. Introduced in 1979 and only eased in 2015, the One Child Policy has saddled China with serious demographic challenges. Traditionally a patriarchal society, Chinese families have long preferred to have sons, but the introduction of the One Child Policy and sonograms led parents to undergo gender-selective abortions. This resulted in a yawning gender gap. According to government estimates, by 2020 there will be at least 30 million more men of marrying age than women. Adding to the gender imbalance, the One Child Policy put fertility rates below replacement levels. So China is now faced with a rapidly shrinking and aging workforce, a crippling economic and social trend. By 2050, the number of Chinese older than 65 will climb to 329 million – roughly equivalent to the entire population of the United States. As China’s seniors age out of the workforce, there are fewer and fewer people to replace them. Currently, there are five workers for every retiree, but by 2040 that ratio will shrink to 1.6 to 1. In light of these demographic trends, getting married and having children has become a national imperative, which is why the state has taken to issuing propaganda encouraging men to go abroad and find wives. One infographic published by the state-run Beijing News urges young bachelors to look beyond China’s borders and includes a chart detailing the countries where they have the best prospects. According to the graphic, Ukraine is a good option due to the economic downturn and the number of beautiful women. Other promising countries include South Korea, Japan, and Russia. Ukraine in particular has captured the imaginations of Chinese men after pictures began circulating online of a man from Hebei who failed China’s notorious college entrance exam, moved to Ukraine, and married an 18-year-old woman there. One commenter wrote, “Already in line in front of the Ukrainian Embassy,” while another said, “Ukrainian women sure are enchanting, drool.” More recently, an Anhui man caused a stir on social media when he returned to China for a traditional wedding with his Ukrainian fiancé. For Richer, For Poorer Going abroad to find a partner may be an option for well-heeled Chinese men, but poor, uneducated bachelors in rural villages have few options. In China, families see marriage as an opportunity for daughters to advance by marrying someone who is wealthy and educated. An online survey found that nearly 75 percent of women hope their future husband’s income is twice as large as theirs, and over 70 percent hope their future husband owns property. With much of China’s wealth concentrated in cities, women have left rural areas in the hopes of finding more eligible bachelors. This urban migration of women has given rise to “bachelor villages,” towns in China’s countryside with disproportionately large numbers of single, unmarried men and few unmarried women. In some villages the situation is so extreme boys are expected to begin looking for a wife when they are 10 years old. By favoring men at birth, Chinese parents have made women far more valued in marriage. In China, grooms are still expected to give their bride’s family a dowry. With so many men competing for a woman’s attention, these “bride prices” have increased dramatically. A recent study found that men in Beijing pay on average nearly $30,000 plus an apartment, up from $1,500 just four years ago. Bride prices in rural areas have also seen sharp increases. In Guizhou, the cost rose to $13,000 from $3,000 four years ago, and in Shaanxi it rose from $4,400 to $14,700. These amounts are well beyond the means for poor farmers and their families, so many have turned to marriage brokers to find women from Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The trend has been well-documented, and in some areas fairly common. In one remote village deep in the mountains of Henan, more than 20 Vietnamese women have wed local men. Marrying a Vietnamese bride costs $3,200, less than a quarter of the bride price for a local woman. While many Vietnamese women willingly get married and move to rural China for love or economic reasons, others are forced. Last year, doctors at a hospital in Xuzhou were alarmed by a pregnant 12-year-old Vietnamese girl. The authorities were alerted and police discovered that she was a victim of human trafficking. She had been kidnapped, taken to China, and sold to a 35-year-old man for $4,400. Hers is not an isolated case. There are few statistics that detail the full extent of the problem, but over a year-and-a-half period, the Chinese Ministry of Public Security reported rescuing 17,746 trafficked women as part of a special campaign. In 2015, the Cambodian government helped 85 trafficked brides return from China. They were the fortunate few who managed to escape and make their way to a Cambodian consulate. “You can be sure that for every woman who escapes her captivity in China and returns to Cambodia, there are dozens more that never make it out,” said Phil Robertson, deputy director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia division. Vietnam, which shares a rugged and isolated border with China, has been hit particularly hard by human traffickers. In some areas in northern Vietnam, so many young women have been kidnapped and smuggled into China that residents live in perpetual fear. “I worry so much about it, as do all the mothers in the villages, but it has happened to a lot of girls already,” said Phan Pa May, a community elder. “I’m worried about my granddaughter. We always ask where she is going, and tell her not to talk on the phone or trust anyone.” Swept Under the Rug China’s efforts to crack down on human trafficking have been inconsistent. Over the last several years, the number of arrests has fluctuated wildly. In 2012, the government detained 80,000 human trafficking suspects, but just two years later, authorities reported arresting 194 alleged traffickers. The following year, the number of arrests increased to 1,932. According to the U.S. State Department, these dramatic variations in enforcement numbers are “due to the government’s continued conflation of human smuggling, child abduction, and fraudulent adoptions with trafficking offenses and its lack of judicial due process and transparency.” More damagingly, inconsistent enforcement and penalties are a weak deterrent against potential traffickers and shows the government is not serious about putting an end to it. “This problem has largely been swept under the rug by the Chinese authorities,” Robertson said. The likelihood of making significant progress to combat sex trafficking in China is small. The pressures fueling the demand for foreign brides are too strong, while the incentives for the government to crack down are too weak. The massive gender gap, intense cultural pressure to marry, traditional dowries, and China’s embrace of unbridled capitalism has created a highly-competitive market for brides. Monetary values have quite literally been assigned to women. Economic pressures encourage those with lesser means to “shop around” and find the lowest price, which provides ample opportunities for human smugglers to exploit. If China is serious about stamping out sex trafficking it will need to do more than just prosecute criminals; it must change the cultural norms around marriage. No effort to stop trafficking will be successful until marriage is no longer seen as a financial transaction. Even if China has the ability and the will to change its marriage culture, the country will still have to grapple with the social implications of 30 million bachelors who will never find a wife. But with the future of China’s workforce, economic development, and long-term stability at stake, the government has little motivation to clamp down on sex trafficking. China’s neighbors best be wary. Eugene K. Chow writes on foreign policy and military affairs. He has been published in The Week, Huffington Post, and The Diplomat.

केवळ मोर्चे काढून, चीनचा झेंडा जाळून काहीही होत नसते. चिनी मालाच्या दुकानांची तोडफोड करूनही काहीच फायदा नसतो. अशा वेळी खरे तर आमचे राष्ट्रीय चारित्र्य उघड व्हायला हवे. चिनी मालाची दुकाने फोडणे फार सोपे आहे. वृत्तपत्रात बातमी येते, प्रसिद्धी होते, एवढेच. यावर रामबाण उपाय आहे व तो म्हणजे, चिनी मालावर बहिष्कार टाकणे.

चीनलाही युद्ध नको आहे. त्याला धाक दाखवून भारताला घाबरावयाचे आहे. हे न समजण्याइतपत आंतरराष्ट्रीय समुदाय खुळा नाही. भारत आणि चीनमधील सीमारेषा निश्‍चित ठरली नसल्यामुळे, चीन वारंवार अशा कुरापती करीत असतो, हे सर्वश्रुत आहे. चर्चेच्या माध्यमातून भारत आणि चीनमधील सीमा ठरविण्यात यावी, असे ठरले असतानाही असले प्रकार चीनकडून घडत असतात. त्यात केवळ चीनलाच दोष देऊन चालणार नाही. स्वातंत्र्यानंतर इतकी वर्षे झालीत, अजूनही सीमारेषा ठरली नाही, हे लांच्छनास्पद आहे. मोदी सरकार चीनच्या आक्रमणावर काही ठोस पावले उचलत नाही, असे ओरडणारे कॉंग्रेस नेते, याबाबतीत मात्र एक शब्दही बोलत नाहीत. कारण त्यांना माहीत आहे की, भारत-चीन संबंधांबाबत भारताचे पहिले पंतप्रधान पं. जवाहरलाल नेहरू यांचे धोरण पार फसले आहे. चीनचा विषय कॉंग्रेस नेत्यांना नको असतो. कॉंग्रेस राजवटीत कम्युनिस्ट विचारवंतांच्या व मुत्सद्यांचा वरचष्मा असल्यामुळे असेल कदाचित, भारत-चीन सीमावाद सुटलेला नाही. प्रत्येक वेळी काहीतरी थातुरमातुर करून वेळ टाळायची, असेच कॉंग्रेस सरकारने केले आहे. एखाद्या प्रकरणाचा विचका करायचा आणि आता मोदी सरकारविरुद्ध शंख करायचा, असेच सध्या सुरू आहे. २०१२ साली भारत, चीन व भूतान यांच्यात जो करार झाला, त्यानुसार ‘जैसे थे’ स्थिती कायम ठेवण्याचे ठरले. हा करार, कॉंग्रेसच्या राजवटीत झाला. त्या कराराचा भंग चीनने केला आणि भारत, चीन व भूतान यांच्या सीमेजवळील भागात पक्का रस्ता बांधण्यासाठी बुलडोझरसहित बांधकाम साहित्य आणले. भूतानने चीनकडे रीतसर तक्रारही दाखल केली. पण, चीन ऐकण्याच्या मन:स्थितीत नाही. त्याला या प्रकरणाचा लवकरात लवकर सोक्षमोक्ष लावायचा आहे, असे दिसते. भारत किंवा भूतान हे प्रकरण सोडविण्याचा प्रयत्न करीत नाहीत, हे बघून एकतर्फीच निकाल लावण्याची चीनला घाई झालेली दिसून येते. एक तर त्याची आर्थिक ताकद प्रचंड वाढली आहे. त्यामुळे चीनची गुर्मी वाढणे स्वाभाविक आहे. तो काही गांधी किंवा बुद्धाचा देश नाही. ताकद वाढली की आजूबाजूचे प्रदेश गिळंकृत करायचे, एवढेच त्याला समजते. पाश्‍चात्त्य देशांनीदेखील इतिहासात हेच केले आहे. त्यामुळे आता हे पाश्‍चात्त्य देश चीनला कुठल्या तोंडाने सल्ला देणार? चीनही त्यांचे कशाला ऐकणार? अशी स्थिती आहे. आंतरराष्ट्रीय करारांचे पालन दुबळ्या देशांनी करायचे असते. जे बलवान देश असतात, ते आपल्या सोयीनुसार या करारांचे पालन करतात किंवा करारांना कचर्‍याच्या टोपलीत भिरकावून देतात. या प्रकरणात, भारत तसेच चिनी मीडियाने भडक बातम्या देण्याचा असा काही सपाटा लावला की, आता लवकरच भारत-चीन युद्ध भडकणार, असे चित्र उभे केले. युद्ध कुणाच्याच हिताचे नसते. पण, जे अटळ असते ते स्वीकारण्यास कचरण्याचे कारण नाही. चीनने रस्ता बांधण्याचा ठाम निर्धार केला असताना, त्याला भारताने जो खंबीर विरोध केला, ते चीनला अनपेक्षित होते. १९६२ सालचा भारत आज राहिला नाही, हे खरे आहे. पण दुसरे महत्त्वाचे म्हणजे, पंतप्रधानपदी नरेंद्र मोदी आहेत. कॉंग्रेस किंवा इतर पक्षाची कणाहीन व्यक्ती नाही. हे कदाचित चीन विसरला असावा किंवा नरेंद्र मोदी यांच्या कणखरपणाची थोडी परीक्षा त्याला घ्यायची असावी. भारत स्वाभिमानाने ताठपणे उभा होत आहे, हे चीन कसे सहन करणार? तसेही जगातील कुठल्या देशाला भारताने समर्थ व्हावे, असे वाटते? हे असले गांडुळासारखे चकतीला चकती लावून जीवन जगणारे विचारवंत, धोरणकर्ते आम्ही आतापर्यंत पोसून ठेवले आहेत. दादापुता करून, हातीपायी पडून, प्रश्‍न तिथल्या तिथे विझवायचा आणि कसेबसे दिवस पुढे रेटायचे, याचीच सवय असलेल्या या मंडळींना भारताने कणखर भूमिका घेतलेली सहन होत नाही. स्वाभिमान वगैरे शब्द बोलायला खूप सोपे असतात; परंतु तो प्रदर्शित करण्यासाठी काही किंमत मोजावी लागते, याला या मंडळींची तयारी नसते. कुठलेही मूल्य असे अनायास सिद्ध होत नसते. भारताच्या कणखर भूमिकेची नोंद चिनी मीडियाने त्वरित घेतली. भारतातच चीनबाबत सहानुभूतीची भूमिका घेणारे भरपूर प्रमाणात असतील, तर चीनला कुठलीही चिंता करण्याचे कारण नाही. आता चिनी मीडियाने ‘हिंदू राष्ट्रवादा’चा मुद्दा उकरून काढला आहे. हिंदू राष्ट्रवादामुळेच भारत-चीन यांच्यात वादाची स्थिती उत्पन्न झाली, असे चिनी वृत्तपत्रे म्हणत आहेत. हे वाचून, भारतातील सेक्युलर मंडळींना आनंदाच्या उकळ्या फुटत असतील. राष्ट्रवादाची भावना व्यक्तीला कणा प्रदान करीत असते. युद्धात शस्त्रे तेव्हाच सरस ठरतात, जेव्हा त्यांना चालविणारे कणखर असतात. हा कणखरपणा राष्ट्रवादाच्या भावनेतूनच येतो. हिटरलचे सैन्य सेंट पीटर्सबर्गच्या सीमेवर पोचले, तेव्हा लेनिनलादेखील सैनिकांना राष्ट्रवादाचे आवाहन करावे लागले. तेव्हा कुठे रशिनय सैन्य त्वेषाने लढले आणि हिटलरच्या सैन्याचा पाडाव झाला. याच राष्ट्रवादाच्या बळावर टिचभर इस्रायल, सभोवतालच्या विराट मुस्लिम देशांना पुरून उरला आहे. आपल्या भारतीय विचारवंतांना राष्ट्रवादाचे इतके वावडे का आहे, कळत नाही. कम्युनिस्ट विचारसरणीचा प्रभाव असावा. चीनने काही आगळीक केली की, भारतीय समाजात चीनविरुद्धची भावना भडकविण्याचा प्रयत्न होतो. तो काही प्रमाणात आवश्यकही आहे. पण नेमके तेच आम्ही करीत नाही. स्वस्त मिळतो म्हणून चिनी माल घेणार आणि चिनी मालाच्या दुकानांची तोडफोडही करणार! हे कसे चालणार? भारताच्या सुरक्षेची काळजी असणार्‍या प्रत्येक नागरिकाने एवढे जरी केले तरी पुरेसे आहे.

Friday, 21 July 2017

Supreme Court directions for CBI enquiry into alleged fake encounter killings in Manipur July 19, 2017, 9:43 am IST V Mahalingam -Are we being fair to the Security Forces? The claimed fake encounter cases in Manipur are very old, probably involving some who might have already retired. Officials involved and those who were assigned to supervise the operations too would have been posted out and might not even remember the basic details of the cases. Such delayed enquiries place tremendous disadvantage on a soldier in terms of collecting evidences, witnesses and defending himself.

in In Search of Propriety | India | TOI “The Supreme Court may not trust individual soldiers but do they not have faith in the Army as an organisation? How come, the country and the SC have no problems entrusting the country’s external defence and with it, the integrity of the nation to the army? No one comes to the border to adjudicate matters or be with us under adverse circumstances”. “With the stigma of arrests, going to the civil court, or being punished who will marry our daughters?” “Till now we were living with the fear of the bullet throughout the service of our husbands and from now on one will have to live a life of anxiety that husbands do not get involved in court cases related to their duty and get jailed” These were some of the reactions of a group of disabled soldiers, their wives and relatives who had accompanied them to a War Disabled Rally held at Pune on May 06, 2017 when told about the SC judgement. The SC on 14 July 2017 has come out with yet another direction ordering CBI to probe into 98 alleged fake encounter killings purportedly committed in Manipur by the security forces which includes the Army, Assam Rifles, CRPF, BSF and Police. Looking at the trend, the next step may be the registration of FIR based on fake complaints of rape and molestation of women by some militant sympathiser to target the soldiers. Are we being fair to the Security Forces? The claimed fake encounter cases in Manipur are very old, probably involving some who might have already retired. Officials involved and those who were assigned to supervise the operations too would have been posted out and might not even remember the basic details of the cases. Such delayed enquiries place tremendous disadvantage on a soldier in terms of collecting evidences, witnesses and defending himself. At this belated stage, who would come forward to support the soldier against a complaint made by some militant sympathiser? On the other hand do we not realise that there would be no dearth of people coming forward to depose against him? Would that be fair to someone who had risked his life to defend the integrity of the country? If it was felt that the alleged encounters were fake, why weren’t they acted upon right then? Why did the Extra Judicial Execution Victim Families Association (EEVFAM) which has now filed a writ petition alleging 1528 fake encounter deaths in Manipur in the last decade with a demand for a probe by a special investigation team wait all these days and not act when the incidents took place which would have rendered investigations much easier? News about fake encounter if any would have been in the air and probably in local newspapers at the time of the incident. What prevented the Police or the lower courts take suo moto cognisance of the wrong doings and act on them then? Coming after so many years, are these cases an effort to castigate the security forces and lower their morale? To be fair to the security forces the concerned may like to study the 2009 Shopian double rape-cum-murder case (Don’t miss the article) involving Asiya Jan and her sister-in-law Nilofer Jan, the two women, the security personnel were accused of raping and killing. The security personnel were arrested on charges of rape. The outcry, the unabated stone pelting for 47 days, the fudging of postmortem reports by two government hospitals and their doctors in Shopian and Pulwama who were expected to exhibit certain codes of morality and ethics amply illustrates how the soldiers are targeted when it comes to enquiries and court cases in an insurgency affected area where they are operating. Today, if at all, the situation has gone worse when compared to 2009. One needs to serve in the insurgency affected areas to understand the business of tarnishing the image of security forces that goes on and the way the people are misinformed and misguided by elements inimical to the Government and the security forces. Are soldiers not humans and are they not entitled to Human Rights? Human Rights organisations unfortunately do not consider the security personnel as humans and till date have not brought out any worthwhile case of human Rights violations with respect to the soldiering community by terror groups or even local civilians in insurgency areas. Are they not aware of over ground workers providing shelter, assist militants to smuggle weapons and other war like stores, store them in their houses and provide them information to target soldiers and kill them? Why are they blind when it comes to civilians pelting stones at soldiers and even insulting them right under public view? Why not investigate such cases too? While investigating cases, do they ever bother to go up to the concerned military unit and talk to the people concerned? Or is it too much of a bother for them to get out of their cozy abode and would rather write a report based on a one sided version of some militant sympathiser and sensationalise it to retain their relevance? It may be an eye opener obtaining data pertaining to number of soldiers killed and wounded in encounters, FIRs filed and numbers punished. Are we aware of the tons of weapons, ammunition and explosives recovered in insurgency affected areas? Are they not meant to kill soldiers? Are human rights of soldiers being protected by killing them using these weapons and ammunition? Regretfully today the country treats the soldiers as expendable. Doesn’t a soldier have the right to due justice? Are these organisations not accountable to soldiers’rights as humans? Army and its accountability to troops The situation that has emerged as a result of the two significant ruling by the SC is clear. Make no mistakes, the AFSPA has been muted by these SC orders and it has lost the basic elements that support and protect the soldiers from bogus made-up litigation in an insurgency area. The army hierarchy can no longer leave the situation to the lower formations and units to handle. Army needs to examine the consequences of these rulings on the conduct of operations and issue clear cut directions on the red lines and the limits in the conduct of operations. It must be made clear to all concerned that violation of the directions may land them in courts and subsequently in jail whether the case filed is true or otherwise. The role of the Army in insurgency operations will have to be limited to containing violence to an acceptable level in the area of responsibility of the force. Capture of weapons and killing militants in encounters will have to be taken as an incidental gain subject to the soldier or the sub – unit being able to prove beyond doubt that the death of the individual be it a militant or a civilian was a result of an encounter or in self defence. The system of higher commanders complimenting individuals and sub – units for capturing weapons and killing militants need to be prohibited emphatically and should have no bearing in the rating in annual confidential reports or in promotions both in the case of officers and other ranks. Prepare for a legal battle of the future Each unit will have to have trained legal teams at the scale of one per sub unit who would be responsible to take necessary photographs and video evidences, record statements of witnesses present in the area of operations in the presence of a magistrate as required by law. Evidences including weapons and other war like stores, used cartridges, finger prints etc. recovered from militants killed / caught will have to be collected immediately after the operations, appropriately labelled and records created as required for fighting a legal case. These evidences with photographs of the concerned will have to be handed over on proper receipts to the Police / maintained in the units besides filing necessary FIR as per law. Fired cases and other evidences which need to be sent for forensic examination will have to be collected and handed over to the appropriate agency or its team to be located within the area of operations. No doubt the legal aspects will drown the importance of military operations, the very purpose for which the Army has been preferred in place of Police Forces and deployed. Make no mistakes, these distractions will diminish the motivation and the import attached to operations. If that is what the country and the people want, so be it. Need for a Magistrate to accompany military columns in Insurgency areas According to the Instructions on Aid to the Civil Authorities by the Armed Forces, 1970, the District Magistrate (DM) accompanies the army column and is required to give instructions to the Army for the deployment and provide written approval to open fire. Since the truthfulness, integrity, the Army’s commitment to justice and propriety and that of its officers are being questioned today a case will have to be taken up with the Government for the provision of Magistrates to army columns operating in Insurgency areas. The system cannot absolve itself of accountability, play safe and make the soldier pay for it. Effect on Unit/ Sub – Unit Cohesion In an encounter where the soldiers’ lives are at stake, a hostile target may be engaged by more than one group positioned widely separated. The sub groups may be reserves meant to outflank the ambush party from a different direction or support groups positioned exclusively to retrieve soldiers under fire from militants. In such encounters casualties are bound to occur on both sides. The question is how does one get to know as to whose bullet killed the militant? Wouldn’t then the tendency be to disown one’s own part resulting in the killing of the militant or some civilian in the vicinity? The resulting set back to sub – unit cohesion and its effect on combat effectiveness can only be realised by people who have handled troops. This cannot be allowed to happen at any cost. Need to enact Law Under the present circumstances would it not be appropriate to enact a law which prohibits people from converging on to areas where military operations are underway for whatever purpose? Should the people not be told that individuals will themselves be accountable for casualties occurring in such areas? In any case what business any one has in areas where military operations are in progress? Seeking Encounters Very few in our country are aware that militants do not stay in their houses but move from one village to the other and are dependent on the logistic arrangements made by the over ground workers controlled by separatists for their stay and food. There are no addresses where they can be located or traced. The militants go by their pseudo names called the code name and there are no means to identify or locate them. In whichever village they are spending their day or night, they hide their weapons in difficult to locate places and merge with the locals so as to prevent getting caught with the weapon in the event of a raid by the security forces. Under such circumstances how is one expected to identify, obtain arrest or search warrants against the miscreants or their hidden weapon dumps? To overcome the difficulty, the Army risks its soldiers’ lives and seek encounter by employing deliberate tactical movements in areas where information about militants’ presence has been reported. Suitably composed small tactical teams (3 to 4 men) are made to move consciously with the hope that the militants will open fire. Reserves and Support elements are prepositioned to quickly close in with the militants once they open fire to catch them with their weapons which will force the militants to give information regarding the location of the other militants belonging to the party and places where the weapons have been hidden. Quick Reaction Teams (QRT) are then sent along with the captured militant who acts as a guide to get hold of the remaining militants and recover the weapons after necessary search. It is quite possible that some of the militants or even some civilians may be injured or killed in such operations. If FIRs are to be lodged in such cases, Army will have no option but to abandon such maneuvers. The Army then will be no different from the local police. Why employ the Army then? Which soldier will ever get involved in risking his life and genuinely carrying out such tasks? Conclusion Let it be clear to one and all. The soldiers are not fighting an insurgency war because they generated the situation. They are there to clean up the mess created by the Government and the administration. They have no interest or motive to go to such difficult places and getting themselves killed leave alone involving in fake encounters and killing innocent civilians. If people cannot support the security forces in their efforts to fight militancy and bring down violence to an acceptable level they might as well be withdrawn and the situation handled the way they wish to. Laws created at a time when things were different cannot be interpreted and applied without due relevance to the prevailing context. Use of artillery, helicopter gunships and the Air arm against radicals living amongst harmless civilians beyond a country’s borders would have never been contemplated a couple of decades ago. Today the world is witnessing use of these instruments of war in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria and Yemen amongst many other places in the world. Human rights are a forgotten concept in these areas not because the world wants to kill innocent people but because the situation and the context of earlier hypotheses have changed. Mind you these are not fake encounter killings instead they are open and deliberate massacres. While the courts have no option but to go by the prevailing laws, it is for the law makers to take note of changed situations and update the existing laws to meet the current needs

Thursday, 20 July 2017

MUST READ-BEWARE OF THE HISTORY-,chanting the mantra of “jang nahin hogi” (there will be no war). Should this prophecy prove correct, it will be great news for the country. But chances of it coming true will rise exponentially if India keeps its powder dry by crafting a grand strategy, by initiating urgent reform of our archaic defence structures, and by reviving our comatose military-industrial complex.

Beware the rhyme of history Termed “tianxia” in Mandarin, the “Chinese dream” envisages the establishment of a hegemonic Chinese Empire as the centre of world authority to which other nations must show deference. (Illustration by C R Sasikumar) It is “Peace for our time”, declared British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on September 30, 1938, as he returned from the Munich Conference having tamely agreed to the German annexation of Czechoslovakian territories. This was to be the penultimate act of appeasement before Germany triggered World War II by invading Poland on September 1, 1939. Well before it sparked this global conflagration, Germany had provided enough evidence of its hegemonic intent and utter disdain for the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, crafted for the purpose of preventing German re-militarisation. In contravention of its provisions, Adolf Hitler introduced conscription, sent his military to gain combat experience in the Spanish civil war and then, in 1936, re-occupied Rhineland. Emboldened by the passivity of Britain and the European powers, this was followed, in 1938, by the forcible union (Anschluss) of Austria with the Third Reich because of its German-speaking majority. Craven appeasement and hopeless optimism had set the stage for the Gotterdammerung that was to follow, exactly a year after Munich. History, according to Mark Twain, “does not repeat itself but it rhymes”. On the 100th anniversary of World War I, Canadian historian Margaret MacMillan had pointed out uncanny similarities between the contemporary geopolitical landscape and the Europe of 1914. She argued in an essay that the same structural forces that led to the Great War a century ago could be in action in 2014. Mercifully, the centennial of WW I came and went peacefully, but MacMillan endorses Mark Twain with her advice: “If we can see past our blinders and take note of the telling parallels between then and now… history does give us valuable lessons.” Till recently, most of us were convinced that the power of economics and globalisation would not permit another great war. President George Bush was articulating all our fond hopes when he said that, “the spread of democracy and free trade across the world would form the surest guarantee of world peace.” Yet, the extraordinary growth of trade and investment between China and the US has not served to dampen suspicion and tensions. On the contrary, says China expert Michael Pillsbury, there has been a belated realisation in the US that eight Presidential administrations following Nixon’s have actively assisted the ascent of a militaristic China in the mistaken belief that they were helping a weak and victimised country become a liberal, democratic nation. There is angst in America over the notion that by handing over sensitive information, technology, military know-how and expert advice, the US has actually helped the achievement of the “Chinese dream”. Termed “tianxia” in Mandarin, the “Chinese dream” envisages the establishment of a hegemonic Chinese Empire as the centre of world authority to which other nations must show deference. This may explain the Chinese foreign minister’s patronising remark at the 2010 ASEAN conference to his Singaporean counterpart: “China is a big country and other countries are small, and that’s just a fact.” A brief look at post-1949 events reveals the inherent bellicosity of the Chinese state. Soon after the end of the Civil War in 1949, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) drove into the East Turkistan Republic and incorporated it into the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Ever since then, the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) has been engaged in serial strife: The occupation of Tibet and the entry of the PRC into the Korean War in 1950; suppression of the Tibetan uprising in 1959; the Sino-Indian War of 1962; involvement in the Vietnam War from 1965 to 1969; a seven-month long conflict with the USSR in 1969; a major conflict with Vietnam in 1979. Skirmishes in the South China Sea (SCS) and tensions across the Taiwan Strait have occurred with regularity all the while. Given its growing economic and military strength, revisionist outlook and past record, China can be expected to push its influence in the region, grab territory and re-write the rules of international conduct to suit its own interests. A recent manifestation of China’s belligerence is the campaign of “cartographic expansion” that it has mounted through the “9-dash line” in the SCS and repudiation of the 1914 McMahon line on the India-China border. Other examples of Chinese intransigence are the illegal creation and militarisation of artificial islands in the SCS and its contemptuous dismissal of UN arbitration on these sovereignty issues. The choices for India in the face of Chinese hegemony are stark. The constraints of India’s political system render it unlikely that it can bridge the economic and military gap vis-à-vis China within a reasonable time. Distracted as they are by intense political activity, and their preoccupation with interminable election campaigns, our political elite seem incapable of applying themselves to strategic thinking or planning. Even though the Sino-Indian equation is tilted in China’s favour, as a democracy, a nuclear weapon state and a significant economic and military power, it is incumbent upon India to stand firm as a bulwark against regional hegemony. As it seeks its “manifest destiny”, India badly needs breathing space for growth and consolidation within a democratic framework. But Beijing, hard-nosed as ever, is dropping unsubtle hints that it could be “peace for our times” if China gets to keep Aksai Chin and India surrenders Tawang. Ironically, this is the time that India’s defence budget has hit a historic low of 1.6 per cent of GDP and its arsenal is full of voids. Neither appeasement, nor empty bluster — as PM Nehru found to his cost in 1962 — will work with China. The pundits on Raisina Hill are, once again ,chanting the mantra of “jang nahin hogi” (there will be no war). Should this prophecy prove correct, it will be great news for the country. But chances of it coming true will rise exponentially if India keeps its powder dry by crafting a grand strategy, by initiating urgent reform of our archaic defence structures, and by reviving our comatose military-industrial complex. RESPONSES Col Srikant Here is an article full of wisdom by Admiral Arun Prakash ( Retd ) , a former Naval Chief . He not only has a good grasp of the tricky mind set of the wily Chinese and the grand geo-political games that they play , but as a former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff committee , he also has a deep insight into the structural weakness that exists in our Higher Defence management ( or the pitiable reality that goes by that high sounding name !) . In spite of the many high level committees which have viewed this problem and recommended immediate and complete restructuring of the MOD, the wily babus have not let any whiff of fresh air enter the stuffy corridors of the South Block. And, the politicians at the top, are too busy playing their own favorite games , to feel any urge to set things right . I am afraid that this deliberate degradation of our defence capabilities ( the present allocation for defence is only a paltry 1.6% of GDP - one of the lowest since 1961 - just before our humiliating defeat in 1962 !) . I sincerely hope this will not turn out to be a porten t of the days ahead . When you read the article below, please bear in mind the uncanny fact that Admiral Arun Prakash wrote this piece in March 2017, three months before the present face off at Doklam started . That speaks volumes about his foresight ! But, the netas and babus refuse to utilise such expertise in their futile quest to further their own interests. A tragedy of national character stares us , unfortunately, not realising that those who refuse to learn from the past lessons of history are tragically doomed to repeat it. For India today is not 1962, but so also is the Leap Forward of China over the last 50+ years. So..... Gp Capt Johnson Chacko The article underlines the importance of Military History as a major subject in the training curriculum/syllabus of our Military Academies !

Wednesday, 19 July 2017

पश्चिम बंगालमध्ये अलीकडे हिंदू-मुस्लीम दंग्यांचा भडका उडालेला आहे. कोलकाता शहरापासून जवळ असलेल्या उत्तर २४ परगणा जिल्ह्यात या घटना घडत आहेत. यामुळे या भागात तणावपूर्ण शांतता आहे. त्या भागात सध्या नऊ दिवस चालणारा जगन्नाथाच्या रथयात्रेचा प्रवास सुरू आहे. यात काही गडबड होऊ नये, यासाठी ममता बॅनर्जींचे सरकार प्रयत्नांची पराकाष्ठा करीत आहे, पण परिस्थिती हाताबाहेर जाते की काय, असे वाटावे, अशी स्थिती आहे हे नाकारून चालत नाही.

पश्चिम बंगालमधील धार्मिक दंगे- महा त भा ममता बॅनर्जींचा तृणमूल कॉंग्रेस हा पक्ष २०१६ साली दुसर्यांिदा सत्तेत आल्यापासून हिंदू-मुसलमान यांच्यात तणाव निर्माण झाल्याचे दिसत आहे. एका अभ्यासानुसार, ऑक्टोबर २०१६ पासून आतापर्यंत धार्मिक दंग्यांचे प्रमाण वाढलेले दिसते. याबद्दल आता ममता बॅनर्जींवर सर्व बाजूंंनी टीका सुरू झाली आहे. ममता बॅनर्जींनी त्यांच्या पद्धतीने या परिस्थितीबद्दल भाजपला दोष दिला आहे. भाजप या प्रकारे दंगे घडवून आणून समाजात फूट पाडत असल्याचा त्यांचा आरोप आहे. बारिहाट नावाच्या भागात जेथे दंगे सुरू आहेत, तेथे राज्य सरकारने भाजपच्या अनेक नेत्यांना प्रवेशबंदी लागू केली आहे. ताज्या बातम्यांनुसार, पश्चिम बंगाल सरकारने भाजपच्या नेत्या रूपा गांगुली व लॉकेट चॅटर्जी यांना कोलकोता विमानतळावरच अटक केली. या दंग्यांमागे काही तात्कालिक कारणे आहेत. एका अकरावीत शिकणार्यां हिंदू विद्यार्थ्याने फेसबुकवर मुस्लिमांची बदनामी करणारी पोस्ट टाकली. तेव्हापासून वातावरण बिघडायला लागले व आता तर तेथे दंगे सुरू झाले आहेत. पोलिसांनी त्या हिंदू तरुणाला अटक केलेली असली तरी गेले काही दिवस परिस्थिती हाताबाहेर गेल्याचे चित्र आहे. याचा काही प्रमाणात दोष पोलिसांना दिला जात आहे. पोलीस दल व सत्ताधारी तृणमूल कॉंग्रेसचे कार्यकर्ते यांचे साटेलोटे असल्याचे उघडपणे बोलले जात आहे. हा मुद्दा एका बाजूला, तर दुसरीकडे तृणमूल कॉंग्रेस व भाजप यांच्यातील पक्षीय राजकारण ढवळून निघाले आहे. पश्चिम बंगालचे राज्यपाल व भाजपचे ज्येष्ठ नेते केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठी यांनी मुख्यमंत्री ममता बॅनर्जी यांना फोन करून राज्यातील परिस्थितीबद्दल चिंता व्यक्त केल्याच्या बातम्या आहेत. यामुळे भडकलेल्या ममता बॅनर्जींनी राज्यपाल पक्षीय राजकारण खेळत असल्याचा आरोप केला. यामुळे यात आता केंद्र-राज्य संघर्ष हा वेगळा, पण महत्त्वाचा विषय गुंतलेला आहे. जेव्हा उत्तर प्रदेशात भाजप व मायावतींचे युती सरकार सत्तेत होते व मायावती मुख्यमंत्रिपदी होत्या, तेव्हा पश्चिम बंगालचे विद्यमान राज्यपाल व भाजपचे ज्येष्ठ नेते केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठी उत्तर प्रदेश विधानसभेचे सभापती होते. भाजप व बसपाच्या युतीतील करारानुसार सुरुवातीला अडीच वर्षे मुख्यमंत्रिपद बसपाकडे असेल व नंतर भाजपकडे असेल. पण जेव्हा मायावतींचा कार्यकाळ संपला, तेव्हा त्यांनी मुख्यमंत्रिपद सोडण्यास नकार दिला. भाजपचे नेते कल्याणसिंग यांनी आपल्या पक्षाचे दुसरे नेते व तेव्हा विधानसभेचे सभापती असलेले केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठी यांच्या मदतीने बसपात फूट पाडली. केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठींनी पक्षांतर बंदी कायदा, १९८५ अंतर्गत सभापतींना दिलेल्या अधिकाराचा गैरवापर करत बसपातील फूट वैध ठरवली व मायावतींचे सरकार पाडले. आज तेच केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठी पश्चिम बंगालचे राज्यपाल आहेत. नेमक्या याच कारणांसाठी ममता बॅनर्जी चिडचिड करत असल्याची राजकीय चर्चा रंगली आहे. राज्यपालपदी असलेल्या केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठींनी जर कलम ३५६ चा वापर करून ममता बॅनर्जींचे सरकार बडतर्फ केले, तर तेथे नव्याने निवडणुका घ्याव्या लागतील. आपल्या राज्यघटनेतील तरतुदींनुसार घटक राज्याचे घटनात्मक प्रमुख राज्यपाल असतील. मात्र, या राज्यपालांची नेमणूक राष्ट्रपती करतील. यासाठी राष्ट्रपती पंतप्रधान, मंत्रिमंडळांचा सल्ला घेऊ शकतात. ही तरतूद समजून घेतली म्हणजे राज्यपालपद कसे पक्षीय राजकारणाचा भाग असते, हे लक्षात येईल. सत्तारूढ पक्षाद्वारे आपल्या पक्षातील ज्येष्ठ नेत्यांची किंवा सत्तारूढ पक्षाला मदत करू शकतील, अशा व्यक्तींची नेमणूक केली जाते. म्हणूनच हे पद वादग्रस्त ठरलेले आहे. म्हणूनच जेव्हा केंद्रात सत्तांतर होते, तेव्हा आधीच्या पक्षाने नेमलेले राज्यपाल एक तर स्वतःहून राजीनामा देतात किंवा त्यांना नारळ देण्यात येतो. अगदी पश्चिम बंगालचेच उदाहरण घेता येईल. केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठी पश्चिम बंगालचे राज्यपाल होण्याअगोदर त्या पदावर डॉ. डी. वाय. पाटील होते. हे गृहस्थ कॉंग्रेस पक्षाच्या मर्जीतले आहेत. म्हणूनच केंद्रातील मनमोहन सिंग सरकारने त्यांना पश्चिम बंगालचे राज्यपाल म्हणून नेमले होते. पण जेव्हा मे २०१४ मध्ये केंद्रात सत्तांतर होऊन मोदी सरकार सत्तारूढ झाले, तेव्हा जुलै २०१४ मध्ये या पदावर केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठींची नेमणूक करण्यात आली. उद्या जर केसरीनाथ त्रिपाठी यांनी राष्ट्रपतींना राज्य सरकार घटनेप्रमाणे काम करत नसल्याचा अहवाल दिला, तर ममता बॅनर्जींचे सरकार बडतर्फ होऊ शकते. अशा स्थितीत जर लवकरच विधानसभा निवडणुका झाल्या, तर मुस्लिमांची एकगठ्ठा मते आपल्या पक्षाला मिळावीत म्हणून ममता बॅनर्जी मुस्लीम तुष्टीकरणाचे राजकारण करीत आहेत. पश्चिम बंगालमध्ये मुस्लीम समाजाची लोकसंख्या सुमारे २७ टक्के आहे. हा समाज अनेक वर्षे डाव्या आघाडीला मतं देत असे. डाव्या आघाडीने तेथे जातीय दंगे होऊ दिले नाहीत, हे जरी खरे असले तरी तेथील मुस्लीम समाजाची आर्थिक, शैक्षणिक प्रगती झाली नाही, हेही तितकेच खरे आहे. ही वस्तुस्थिती न्यायमूर्ती सच्चर आयोगाने अधोरेखित केलेली आहे. गेली अनेक वर्षे तृणमूल कॉंग्रेस मुस्लीम तुष्टीकरणाचे धोरण अवलंबत मुस्लीम मतपेटीला खुश ठेवण्यासाठी निर्णयांची पराकाष्ठा करताना दिसते. या पक्षाने उर्दू भाषिक मुस्लीम व बंगाली भाषिक मुस्लिमांना एकत्र आणण्याची अवघड गोष्ट साध्य करून दाखवली आहे. या अगोदर हे दोन गट मार्क्सवादी पक्ष व कॉंग्रेसमध्ये विभागले होते. पाकिस्तानी गझल गायक गुलाम अली यांचा २०१६ साली मुंबईला गझल गायनाचा कार्यक्रम होणार होता, पण शिवसेनेने विरोध केल्यामुळे हा कार्यक्रम रद्द करावा लागला होता. ममता बॅनर्जींनी ही संधी साधली व त्यांना कोलकाता येथे कार्यक्रम करण्याचे निमंत्रण दिले. एवढेच नव्हे, तर हा कार्यक्रम यशस्वी करून दाखवला. अशी अनेक उदाहरणे दाखवता येतील, ज्यातून हे दिसून येते की, ममता बॅनर्जींनी मतांसाठी मुसलमान समाजाला खुश करण्याचे राजकारण डावपेच उघडउघड खेळले आहेत. ममता बॅनर्जींनी १ जानेवारी १९९८ रोजी ’ऑल इंडिया तृणमूल कॉंग्रेस’ हा पक्ष स्थापन केला. या पक्षाने २०११ साली पश्चिम बंगालमध्ये झालेल्या विधानसभा निवडणुकांमध्ये इतिहास घडवला व डाव्या आघाडीला पराभूत केले. तेव्हापासून हा पक्ष तेथे सत्तेत आहे. आता तेथे भाजप स्वतःची ताकद वाढविण्याच्या प्रयत्नांत आहे. म्हणूनच ममता बॅनर्जींना यात पक्षीय राजकारणाचा वास येणे अगदी स्वाभाविक आहे. असे असले तरी, ममता बॅनर्जींनी ज्याप्रकारे मुुस्लीम तुष्टीकरण सुरू केले आहे, ते कोते राजकारण आहे, असे म्हणावे लागते. त्यांनी कॉंग्रेसने केलेल्या मुस्लीम तुष्टीकरणाच्या धोरणाला कोणती फळं आली याचा अभ्यास करायला हवा होता. आजचा मतदार अशा वरवरच्या चमकोगिरीच्या राजकारणाला भुलत नाही. नेमके हे वास्तव कॉंग्रेसने लक्षात घेतले नाही. म्हणून भारतातील सर्वात जुना पक्ष आज अशा विकलांग अवस्थेत येऊन पोहोचला आहे. ममता बॅनर्जी कॉंग्रेसमध्ये १९७० च्या दशकापासून कार्यरत होत्या. त्यांनी जरी जानेवारी १९९८ मध्ये स्वतःचा पक्ष स्थापन केला असला तरी त्यांच्यावर कॉंग्रेसचे संस्कार आहेतच. कॉंग्रेसने अनेक दशके मुस्लीम तुष्टीकरण करत सत्ता राखली व जेव्हा हे धोरण काम करेनासे झाले, तेव्हा कॉंग्रेसला सत्ता सोडावी लागली. ममता बॅनर्जी आता त्याच मार्गाने जात आहेत. यात त्यांना फार मोठे व फार काळ टिकणारे यश मिळेल, असे वाटत नाही. पश्चिम बंगालच्या राजकारणात आज डावे पक्ष व कॉंग्रेस गलितगात्र अवस्थेत आहेत. अशा स्थितीत थेट सामना तृणमूल कॉंग्रेस व भाजप यांच्यातच आहे. आता भाजप आक्रमक होत आहे. शिवाय तेथे धार्मिक दंगे सुरू आहेत. अशा स्थितीत ममता बॅनर्जी सरकारने ताबडतोब परिस्थिती नियंत्रणाखाली आणली पाहिजे; अन्यथा त्यांच्या डोक्यावर राष्ट्रपती राजवटीची टांगती तलवार आहे.

OP SMEAR As yet the Central government seems unaware of the extent to which there has been GHQ-ISI penetration of so-called Hindu outfits.

Worried at the growing distance between Islamabad and Washington and the readiness of Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India to craft a security partnership with the United States, GHQ Rawalpindi tasked the ISI with working out and putting into operation a plan designed to smear the image of India with the colours of “intolerance” and “fascist majoritarianism”. This, it was hoped, would ensure that the US administration would adopt a cold posture towards Modi, the way Bill Clinton did with P.V. Narasimha Rao. It was also planned to generate through motivated NGO-reporting that India would come to be regarded in the US, and much of the EU, as a country with values and systems wholly contrary to their own. Since beginning work on the project “Operation Smear Modi’s India” in November 2014, after it became clear that Modi’s concessions to Pakistan would not dilute security interests, the ISI has been successful in locating several hundred funders for the project, most of whom are non-resident Pakistanis, plus citizens of those GCC states that officially encourage Wahhabism. Thus far, credible estimates are that around $218 million has been expended in “Operation Smear”, and it must be acknowledged that there has been some success in this effort. Note the several dozen articles and news reports in globally prestigious publications such as Washington Post, New York Times, Guardian, the Economist and others (especially in German and Arabic media) that portray India as a cesspool of discrimination against several elements of the population. These alleged victims include minorities, Dalits, women and children. The actions of cow vigilantes (some of whom have been receiving funding from sources having access to GHQ-ISI cash through Dubai, Kathmandu and Bangkok) have been particularly helpful in seeking to showcase India as a nation filled with Hindu bigots, indulging in murder and mayhem at the slightest provocation. The effort to “prove” that the Hindu population is as much a reservoir of terrorists and fanatics as the Wahhabi population in Pakistan, has a long history, beginning with the initial planting of “Hindu terror” stories in sections of the Indian media in 2002, but has been accelerated since the close of 2014. Interestingly, in almost every report on lynching of minorities (any such deed on the majority community is airbrushed over, as it goes counter to the created narrative of a fanatic and crazed majority), the blame is placed at Prime Minister Modi’s office door, despite law and order being a state subject. The ISI is also using its channels of communication with the global media to accuse India of being the aggressor with Pakistan and China, and of “interference” in Afghanistan. Widespread use is being made of social media to reinforce such views on the world’s most populous democracy, and clumsy counters by boorish trolls are only having a negative effect on global perceptions. The main plank of “Operation Smear” is that (a) there is zero religious freedom in India for minorities, including Christians, Sikhs and Muslims. This line is being pushed by NGOs based in the US, Canada and Europe. In the US, several of the NGOs pushing this line are close to the dominant Clinton establishment of the Democratic Party, although there are others as well that are linked to proselytizing religious organisations in some of the southern states of the US, and which are Republican in their preferences. What they are seeking is a license to defame traditional faiths and convert on an industrial scale. This the present government opposes as having the potential to severely disrupt social harmony. Interestingly, these very NGOs have remained silent on the actual genocide of Yazidis, Druze, Shias and Christians taking place in Iraq and Syria at the hands of those Wahhabi organisations which have received cash and weaponry from within NATO, or on the inhuman suffering of the population of Yemen as a consequence of bombardments from air and land that are directed by US monitors assisting Wahhabi groups in that country, to overpower the rest. And unsurprisingly, the terror unleashed by illegal Bangladeshi migrants in parts of Bengal are being largely ignored by the international media, as is that caused by the “freedom fighters” in Syria, Libya and Iraq who kill Shias, Christians and other non-Wahhabis routinely, to silence from media outlets regularly apoplectic about conditions in India. (b) That Dalits are being discriminated against in India, and their rights and practices affected is another plank. The leadership in this part of “Operation Smear” is being taken by certain Netherlands-based NGOs that have maintained silence so far on the systematic discrimination faced by the Romany community throughout Europe, as a consequence of which Romany employment and education rates (not to mention income) are far below national averages in EU member states. Making out Una and Saharanpur to be the norm, rather than the exception, keeps the spotlight away from discriminatory practices against the Romany community in Europe, as well as the squalid conditions in which those who have been forced to relocate from Syria, Libya and other Muslim-majority states—as a consequence of the Bush-Clinton-Sarkozy-Hollande-Cameron wars—are living in so-called human rights havens (c) NGOs based in the UK have been particularly active in portrayals of India as a country rife with bonded labour, child slavery and sex slavery. An examination of such entities will show close relationships with politicians and members of civil society in the UK that are active in seeking to delink Kashmir from the rest of India by fair means or foul. Recently, joining hands with like groups in Canada, particular UK NGOs have been raising the issue of Khalistani independence. Of course, given the connections with the ISI and its financial accomplices, the “Khalistan” sought is entirely within the territory of the Republic of India, even though it was in territory now in Pakistan that massacres of innocent Sikhs was rampant during 1947 and 1948, and to this day, Sikh shrines in Pakistan do not have anywhere near the autonomy they enjoy in India. (d) Interestingly, websites and organisations linked to particular political parties in India have joined parts of this campaign, especially in the matter of women’s rights and what they describe as a torrent of violence against women since 2014. Facebook platforms and Twitter posts have been particularly ubiquitous in this context. Since 2015, there has been increasing emphasis on tribal concerns, as also press freedom. Interestingly, several online publications based in India are themselves in the forefront of those alleging the absence of press freedom in India. These are the reverse of complimentary to the Modi government but they and their financial backers continue the tirade unmolested. Of course, it is a fact that thus far the record of the NDA II government in ensuring the conditions needed for press freedom have been less than complete. For example, criminal defamation (an odious colonial legacy) still gets routinely deployed by suspect officials and politicians to scare into silence the media, while Information Technology and other statutes work against the transparency needed to fight corruption in India and have not been eliminated by the new government, nor has RTI been freed of the grip of babudom. An unceasing objective of GHQ “Black Propaganda” has been to depict the situation in Kashmir as “genocide”. However, now that violent deeds have become commonplace in Europe, there is less enthusiasm there to lecture India about the countermeasures being taken to constrain, contain and reduce terrorist violence in the state. Incidentally, these measures are far less kinetic than those employed by NATO members in similar situations. Neither are aircraft or even helicopters used, although several experts regard these measures as needing to be introduced in specific situations in Kashmir. However, largely as a consequence of the energetic foreign policy of Prime Minister Modi, “Operation Smear” is not having the intended effect of taking the shine off the India story globally. Most global policy makers perceive that the faults being mentioned are not systemic, but sporadic. Of course, as yet the Central government seems unaware of the extent to which there has been GHQ-ISI penetration of so-called “Hindu” outfits, and how some of these are being goaded into violence that is causing harm to the image of India and indeed, that of the Hindu community. Earlier, this correspondent had pointed out how there was a systematic effort by elements linked to the ISI to vandalise Christian churches. These days, it is clear that the actual motivators of the criminal and terroristic acts of violence seen in the lynchings of those exercising their right to a diet of their choice, are in Dubai, Karachi, Bangkok and Kathmandu, with many close to the ISI operatives in these locations. Whatever be the religion they profess, the ISI’s agents in India need to be identified and prosecuted, if “Operation Smear” is to fail comprehensively and India recognised as the inevitable next superpower, after the US and China. The “false flag” covert operations of GHQ-ISI in India need to be exposed and eliminated

Maid in India’ episode is part of larger problem Sunday, 16 July 2017 | Kanchan Gupta-ILLEGAL BANGLADESHI MIGRATION IS THE ISSUE

M | in Coffee Break 1 2 3 4 5 ‘Maid in India’ episode is part of larger problem The number of illegal aliens grows, menacingly and threateningly, from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and, if not “Attock to Cuttack”, a phrase recently used by the Prime Minister, then definitely from Mysuru to Malda This past week, India’s National Capital Region was witness to a first of its kind violent incident. A large mob attacked a gated posh society in Delhi’s suburbs, ran riot and damaged private property. All this happened with the local police failing to respond in adequate measure to first prevent the mob from storming the gated society, and then from stopping the mob from almost lynching their targets — a man, a woman and a child, cowering in the toilet of their home till they were taken to a safe house by other residents. The gated society is located in Noida, which is under the administrative jurisdiction of the Uttar Pradesh Government. The residents are upper middle class professionals from varied fields. The mob came from a nearby illegal bustee of migrant workers, popularly known as ‘Bangladeshi Colony’. What preceded the attack is a dispute with a woman from that bustee who worked as a maid in one of the apartments in the gated society. Her employers accused her of theft. Apparently she confessed to have stolen Rs 10,000 and wanted her employers to deduct the money from her salary. They refused to do so, saying they would report the theft to the society’s manager. The maid is said to have fled at this point. Subsequent details available till now are confusing. One version has it she spent the night in one of the blocks, another says she took shelter in a flat. The mob attack was ostensibly to protest over the missing woman. The woman was found. She alleged that she had been denied her wages and when she demanded her salary, she was beaten and held hostage. Available CCTV footage debunks her story. The findings of a medical examination too invalidate her allegations. Police investigations should help pin the truth. The real story, however, is not about the maudlin ‘Maid in India’ narrative being peddled by Left-liberal activists, some of them masquerading as journalists, in English language publications far and wide -— as far as The Washington Post, whose readers would not know Noida from Khirkee Extension. Hating those who have worked hard to live a better life is fashionable and politically correct. What should concern Indians is that a mob can gather and run riot with such seeming ease. What should worry them is that the mob likely comprised foreigners, in this case illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, who have acquired sufficient muscle power and political patronage to cock a snook at law-enforcers, indeed the law of the land. And, what should both concern and worry citizens of this country is that migrants can grab public land, set up a bustee and normalise their presence. The police has been quoted in some media reports as saying the people who attacked the gated society have “documents”, indirectly washing their hands of determining their legal status. We do not know what these ‘documents’ are but they must be based on established practice followed by Bangladeshis to legalise their illegal presence in India. It is common knowledge, acknowledged by Government officials and politicians, that there exists a flourishing racket that thrives on providing documents, including Aadhaar cards, to illegal immigrants and arranging for the inclusion of their names in the voters’ lists, which in turn entitles them to an Election Commission card. Recent media disclosures about how Rohingya Muslims, who illegally entered India and made their way to Jammu to set up bustees there, provide a glimpse of this racket. How else could they have acquired ‘Permanent Residence’ in a State where Indians who are not ‘original subjects’ of Jammu & Kashmir cannot claim similar status? There was some talk of a special team headed by the J&K Deputy Chief Minister investigating the scandal involving Rohingya Muslims who should not be in that State in the first place, leave alone being accorded ‘PR’ status. Nothing further has been heard about the investigation. The callousness of the BJP towards the issue of illegal immigration which the party kept raising through its decades in opposition, stands out for its striking duplicity. When in power, the party has not so much as lifted its little finger in admonition. We can kiss away the promise to “detect, delete and deport” made during every election campaign, most recently by candidate Narendra Modi in 2013-2014. We have not seen any pro-active action by the Modi sarkar in the past three years to improve border management in the east. India’s boundary with Bangladesh remains as porous as ever. Bangladeshis continue to pour in. Cattle smuggling also continues unabated. Trans-border movement of Jamaati criminals looking to foist jihad on Indian soil, a trickle in the past, has become easier than before. The rapid Islamisation of West Bengal bears witness to this, as does the incipient demand for a separate ‘Islamistan’ in Assam. Anybody visiting border areas in the east will hear stories of corrupt officials, venal politicians and BSF personnel on the take facilitating this “external aggression on India”, which is how the Supreme Court described illegal immigration from Bangladesh while striking down the IMDT Act gifted by a cynical Congress to the hapless people of this country. The man who singlehandedly fought and felled the IMDT Act is now the Chief Minister of Assam, heading a BJP Government. Now that he is in office and in power, Sarbananda Sonowal has shown little or interest in taking his war on illegal immigration to its logical conclusion. In a sense, Sonowal’s disinterest (different though it is from the active encouragement to illegal immigration by West Bengal’s Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, who is using Bangladeshi settlers to expand the political hold of her Trinamool Congress on the benighted State) mirrors the indifference of the Modi sarkar. All that we have heard on illegal immigration in the past three years is the Home Ministry abjectly admitting in Parliament that more than two crore Bangladeshis are living illegally in India. Meanwhile, the number of illegal aliens grows, menacingly and threateningly, from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and, if not “Attock to Cuttack”, a phrase recently used by the Prime Minister, then definitely from Mysuru to Malda. I will let M Venkaiah Naidu to come up with a more rhyming phrase; after all, in the past, he has been among the most garrulous on deporting alien nationals. This is not to suggest the violent mob which attacked the gated society in Noida necessarily comprised Bangladeshis. But it needs to be stated that not all Bengali-speaking people are Bengalis from West Bengal. The Noida incident provides an excellent opportunity to test this thesis. Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath has demonstrated that he and his administration in Uttar Pradesh are not encumbered by bogus political correctness or bothered about misleading narrative in the mainstream media that has abandoned truth to embrace righteous causes built on lies. So here is what he can do: He can instruct officials to investigate the antecedents of the residents of ‘Bangladeshi Colony’. If they are indeed from Cooch Behar, as they claim, it can be verified — tracking down their original homesteads or families. He can instruct the Noida Authority to reclaim the land occupied by the bustee. Or ask the relevant village to do so if the land is not part of the one acquired by Noida. And, he can demonstrate that unlike his feckless colleagues, he is willing to keep Uttar Pradesh free of a menace that sooner rather than later will pose a near insurmountable internal security threat across India. Make no mistake. Malda and Murshidabad offer warning signals. They can be ignored only at the peril of protecting India’s interest, and the interest of India’s 125 crore Indians that the Prime Minister says are the dearest to him and the closest to his heart बांगलादेशी घुसखोरी भारताच्या सुरक्षेस सर्वात मोठा धोका/ २०२१ पूर्वी आसम.प बंगालच्या मुख्यमंत्रिपदी दोन बांगलादेशी ? -LATEST MUST READ BOOK BY BRIG HEMANT MAHAJAN,AVAILABLE WITH BHARTIYA VICHAR SADHANA,PUNE,BHAVISA BHAVAN,1214,15 NEAR PERUGETBHAVE HIGH SCHOOL TELE 020-24485632 बांगलादेशी घुसखोरी भारताच्या सुरक्षेस सर्वात मोठा धोका/२०२१ पूर्वी आसम.प बंगालच्या मुख्यमंत्रिपदी दोन बांगलादेशी हे ब्रिगेडियर हेमंत महाजन यांचे, बांगलादेशी घुसखोरीचा, इतिहास, आजचे स्वरुप, उद्याची आव्हाने सांगणारे सुबोध आणि रसाळ पुस्तक आहे. ईशान्य भारताचे “बांग-ए-इस्लामी” करण,मुस्लिम बहुसंख्याक बनवण्याची ‘दार-उल्-इस्लाम’ची योजना,लोकसंख्यात्मक आक्रमणाचा इतिहास,आसाम,पश्चिम बंगाल,ईशान्य भारतात व इतर भारतात बांगलादेशी आक्रमण,बांगलादेशी घुसखोरीमुळे भारतात वाढणारा हिंसाचार,बांगलादेशातील हिंदूंची अवस्था आणि त्याचा बांगलादेशी घुसखोरी वर परिणाम,सीमा व्यवस्थापनाच्या समस्या, उपाय योजना आणि लोकसंख्यात्मक आक्रमणाविरुद्ध सुचवलेल्या उपायांचा सारांश उत्तमरित्या मांडण्यात आला आहे. मतपेटीच्या राजकारणाला विरोध करावा लागेल. त्यासाठी सातत्याने त्याच्या विरोधात लेखन आणि प्रचार करायला हवा. जनगणनेच्या आकडेवारीचा आधार घेऊन मतदारांची संख्या जाहीर करावी, मतपेटीचे राजकारण टाळण्यासाठी राजकारण्यांना आवाहन करणे जरुरी आहे. ही राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षेची समस्या आहे, हे लक्षात घेऊन सर्व राजकीय पक्षांनी एकत्र आले पाहिजे. सर्वधर्मीयांनी एकत्र येऊन त्यांना समर्थन दिले पाहिजे. ही माहिती आपल्या जास्तित जास्त मित्रांकडे फ़ेस बुक,इ मेल द्वारा पाठवावी.

It is the Kashmiri who has turned anti-Kashmir Kashmiriyat might be breathing feebly its last in individuals, but collectively it has died a gory death.

Manu Khajuria Blessed with the greatest gift — that of human life — we are capable of leaving a legacy behind. This was nowhere more important than in Jammu and Kashmir, which is asking us to do so. A legacy of hope and peace built by positive approach and actions. Kashmir, along with its prefix Jammu, makes for the beautiful state of Jammu and Kashmir, which has been known for the breathtaking beauty of its land, people and a comfortable co-existence of diverse faiths, languages and ethnicities. Kashmir, many believe, was named after Rishi Kashyap. Kashmir's famous "Kashmiriyat" goes back to the pursuit of knowledge, peace and spirituality as practiced by this great sage, on this very land. The epithets adorning Kashmir, such as jannat, heaven on Earth, the most precious gem of India's crown, are all probably the karmic fruits of sages who practiced and preached here. As a Dogra, the people who are believed to have founded the large state of Jammu and Kashmir, we have taken pride in Kashmir being a part of us. Then again as a Dogra, the people who served Kashmir for 101 years, keeping it peaceful and connecting it to the world through developmental work, it is painful to see the annihilation of the very reasons Kashmir was beautiful — the seat of true knowledge and spirituality. If the "spirit" of Kashmir looks into the mirror today, it would not recognise the apparition that would stare back at it. The once protective and pluralistic shroud which covered the state, lies over Kashmir tattered, laying bare the contradictions and self-destruction beneath. The soft cadence which was once its voice has turned into a cacophony hard to decipher. kashmir-pti-body_062817054656.jpg The burden of Kashmir lays calamitous on everybody in the state, but most heavily on Kashmiris themselves. Kashmiriyat might be breathing feebly its last in individuals, but collectively it has died a gory death. The burden of Kashmir lays calamitous on everybody in the state, but most heavily on Kashmiris themselves. Fed on historical distortions and misinformation, the stone-pelting, militant-protecting, Kashmiri today, is misguided in purpose and suffering from a severe identity crisis. It has turned him blind to the external hand that changed Kashmir. Many a Kashmiri, including the politician from the Valley alleges that Delhi and the armed forces "ko Kashmir chahiye, Kashmiri nahi". This allegation, as hollow as it is, is applicable to the Kashmiri himself who is refusing to see the external hand. Starting from the Mughals — who were believed to be responsible for forceful conversions — to Pakistan, which was behind the tribal raids in 1947, facts have been fudged and forgotten. The man allegedly bursting crackers on the streets of Srinagar to mark Pakistan's victory in the recent cricket Champions Trophy is both brainwashed into being consumed by hate, and is uneducated in his own land's history. As a proud Dogra would say that anyone who truly loved both Kashmiri and Kashmir would not be celebrating a nation which has looted its land, is killing its people and is altering its identity. The irony is that the Kashmiris will also never be truly accepted by Pakistan. The case in point being, people living in Pak-administered Kashmir who suffer human rights abuse and have very few rights and little freedom. The word "Azad" in Azad Kashmir is a mockery. All these years it's the Kashmiris who have governed Kashmir. The opportunism by Kashmiris at the helm of affairs, has done great disservice to their own people. Those who could have contained the problems are steeped in dirty and self-serving politics. In fact, they have created a vacuum allowing the monsters to grow bigger and stronger. Sheikh Abdullah, who rose against the Dogras, paradoxically brought dynastic politics to the state. He sowed the seeds of indifference and dislike towards Jammu and the Dogras in the Kashmiri mind. Since then, this sentiment has consistently been fed by Kashmiri politicians, media and intellectuals. The discontent against the Abdullahs, saw the rise of Muslim United Front, which contested elections and were poised to win in the Kashmir Valley, defeating a NC-Congress combine in 1987. The widespread rigging of elections that followed was the watershed moment in the politics of Jammu and Kashmir. The faith placed in democracy by the nearly 80 per cent people in the Valley who voted in 1987 was rudely shaken. It evoked a response that was sharp and ugly. The vacuum thus created was filled with insurgency and different shades of separatism, which every Kashmiri outfit with any power or influence went on toying with. The fangs of Islamisation and terrorism bared themselves, when the macabre dance of violence and extremism in the guise of freedom was played out in the 1990s. It saw the loot, rape and killings of Kashmiri Hindus. Mass exodus of the Hindus from the Valley took place. This was well-aided by Pakistan in terms of militants, money and rabid, brain-washing rhetoric. Pakistan has been fooling gullible Kashmiris, deeming itself their protector, as it continues to abuse and kill minorities in its own country while training and sending militants to ours. "Azadi" has been bloodthirsty, feeding on its own. It is also an accomplished shape-shifter. It has given birth to and nurtured new regional parties, who like to play it on the edge, both flirting with democracy and courting soft-separatism. The PDP came into power riding the same horse, but the relationship is fast turning sour, as Kashmiris reject the agenda of alliance. It has seen the democratically elected representatives milking Kashmir when in power and then petulantly supporting terror and guns when wrested of it. Farooq Abdullah recently said in reference to those who pick the guns that they have "surrendered themselves in front of God and their only aim is to free Kashmir". Hatred against India has been spread and allowed to grow, sometimes subtly and at other times blatantly. It is astounding how historical truths have been painstakingly hidden and skewed to sustain a feeling of injustice and victimhood. The many "experts" on Kashmir, some of them home-grown, have spoken half-truths and projected only that, which suits the side they are on and the ideology they have picked to promote. They have failed to give a fair and holistic view adding to the confusion and misinformation on Kashmir. The media also has refused to pan out and look at the state as a whole. Jammu, the last bastion of pluralism in the state, its border villages standing in the line of fire, and its porous borders being oft-used routes for infiltration making its towns and highways vulnerable remains voiceless. Jammu ignored by both experts and media is home not only to Kashmiri Hindus, but also to thousands of Kashmiri Muslims, fleeing extremism. Will Kashmir stop and ask itself why are these Muslims from Kashmir seeking refuge in Delhi, Jammu or abroad and not in Muzaffarabad or Islamabad. Kashmiris need to take cognisance of the other stakeholders in the state. The fact that the Dogra maharaja Hari Singh called himself the maharaja of Kashmir and the people of Jammu write their addresses as "Jammu, J&K" unlike their Kashmiri counterparts who are limited to "Srinagar, Kashmir" should leave no one in doubt that Jammu stakes its claim on the entire state, Valley just being 15 per cent of it. Hiding behind rights, both human and political, Kashmiris have pelted stones, fatally injuring and impeding what could have been a life-saving journey for someone. The young men in Kashmir are being engaged in subversive activities, tracking and reporting on security forces, leading to an increase in terror attacks. The stone-pelting today shields armed terrorists who have blatantly declared jihad to establish an Islamic Caliphate in a Kashmir which "belongs to Kashyap, Lal Ded and Nund Rishi". It also grievously injuring the security forces and killing and maiming Kashmiris as young as 10-13 year olds who have been indoctrinated into this war. The hatred is sold most easily under the packaging of "brutal oppression", which must be fought against at all costs. Feroze Dar and his men of the Achabal police patrol party, all Kashmiris, are the latest victims of the venom coursing through the Kashmiri veins. Not satisfied with death alone, stones were rained down to obstruct the removal of their bodies for funeral and allow the escape of terrorists who not only killed these Kashmiris but disfigured their faces. It is seeing them turn against their own today, ratting on a young Lt Ummer Fayaz, who was home for a family wedding, and lynching deputy SP Md Ayub Pandith on the holiest night of Shah-e-Qadr. The seven decades have been bloody and tumultuous. Kashmir lead by Kashmiri Muslims, turned against the Dogras who "founded" the state of Jammu Kashmir, then against the Kashmiri Hindus and now against their own Kashmiri Muslims brothers. The blood that has been shed is of a Kashmiri. The one shedding it has been a Kashmiri. Those rendered homeless have been Kashmiris. Those who did it were Kashmiris. The one going to a school somewhere in the Valley is a cherubic Kashmiri child. The one burning down the school and replacing the books in the child's hands with stones and guns is also a Kashmiri. A 10-year-old, a footballer in the making, becoming a mohalla commander is because of a Kashmiri. Organic orchards have been lovingly planted by a visionary and entrepreneurialKashmiri, and the one to destroy it is also a Kashmiri blinded by anger and hate. There is the young Kashmiri, excelling in sports and winning Indian hearts. There are also the promising Kashmiris who year after year top the civil services exams, bureaucrats in the making, choosing to stay and serve their state and nation. In contrast, is the Kashmiri abroad, the journey sponsored by tainted money and the academic life made more glamorous by standing behind a populist narrative on Kashmir, even though it is in direct conflict with the interests of the common Kashmiri living in the Valley. It is the Kashmiri who has turned anti-Kashmiri and anti-Kashmir. While Jammu and Kashmir waits with a bated breath for Delhi to feel its pain and act clearly and decisively, some soul-searching is needed by the Kashmiris, to face up to their own act in this tragic play. Due to the sheer horror and absurdity of the unfolding story of Kashmir, the supposed cause and the reason for the Valley to be soaked in the blood of its own sons, is sounding hollow to most. Dogras value Kashmir because we gave our blood to build it. We are the people of brigadier Rajinder Singh, who "protected" Kashmir unto the last man and last bullet. We call upon our fellow Kashmiris to come together and to turn this around, rejecting violence, earning back Kashmir's secular credentials, lighting up all its dark places and investing in the future of its children. Cry me a river Kashmir, let those tears cleanse and redeem you. Be born again

Monday, 17 July 2017

HOW INDIA CAN BECOME GREAT COUNTRY-If we start from TODAY and instill above TEN BASIC PRINCIPLES in Ourselves and in our Children in Our Homes, INDIA, in which Our Children will live, will be a FIRST WORLD COUNTRY.

Why are We….? Why our country, with a Rich Heritage of more than 5000 years, is still a POOR THIRD WORLD Country? The difference between the Poor & Rich Nations, does not depend on the available Natural Resources. It depends solely on HUMAN RESOURCES. Business Executives from Rich Countries and their counterparts from India, show no significant INTELECTUAL, ABILITY or CAPABILITY Difference. The Racial or Color factors also do not evince any difference. Migrants, lazy & unproductive in their Own Country, become highly Productive & Efficient in First World, Middle or Far-East Countries. WHAT & WHY IS THE DIFFERENCE, THEN? The DIFFERENCE is in the Basic Attitude, Discipline & Sense of Responsibility of the People, ingrained & molded by Value-based Societies, Modern Education & WORK CULTURE. When we analyze, following TEN BASIC PRINCIPLES by Vast majority of the people in those countries, has made ALL THE DIFFERENCE: 1. In-built ETHICAL Behavior & high sense of FAIR-PLAY in general. 2. High Sense of RESPONSIBILITY & INTEGRITY. 3. Respect for LAW & REGULATIONS. 4. High Sense of DISCIPLINE & CHARACTER. 5. Meticulous & Productivity Oriented WORK CULTURE. 6. civic sense and Common courtesy towards fellow citizens. 7. PUNCTUALITY and AFFECTIVE TIME MANAGEMENT. 8. Cultivating and Nurturing THINKING MINDS Not APING MINDS from Childhood. 9. COLLECTIVE BENEFITS are not sacrificed for INDIVIDUAL BENEFITS. 10. EXAMPLARY TEAMWORK. If we start from TODAY and instill above TEN BASIC PRINCIPLES in Ourselves and in our Children in Our Homes, INDIA, in which Our Children will live, will be a FIRST WORLD COUNTRY. Make a DIFFERENCE and GIFT a BETTER INDIA to your CHILDREN.

नरपशूंचा हल्ला vasudeo kulkarni

Thursday, July 13, 2017 AT 11:38 AM (IST) Tags: ag1 अमरनाथच्या पवित्र गुहेतल्या श्री शंकराचे दर्शन घेऊन अनंतनागहून जम्मूकडे जाणार्याह यात्रेकरूंच्या बसवर सोमवारी रात्री नरपशू दहशतवाद्यांनी हल्ला चढवून 7 भाविकांचे केलेले हत्याकांड, म्हणजे माणूसकीचाही मुडदा पाडणारे भयानक कृत्य होय. गेली काही वर्षे अमरनाथच्या यात्रेवर दहशतवादी हल्ल्याचे भीषण सावट असले, तरीही लष्कर, सीमा सुरक्षादल आणि जम्मू काश्मीर पोलिसांच्या कडक बंदोबस्तामुळे ही यात्रा शांततेत पार पडत होती. 1 ऑगस्ट 2000 या काळ्या दिवशी पेहलगामच्या अमरनाथ श्राईन बोर्डाच्या यात्रेकरूंच्या मुख्य तळावर दहशतवाद्यांनी अचानक चढवलेल्या हल्ल्यात 45 भाविकांचे मृत्यू झाले होते. त्या घटनेची जगभर निंदाही झाली होती. पण या घटनेनंतर मात्र अमरनाथ यात्रेवर भ्याड हल्ला चढवायचे धाडस सैतानी आणि विकृतीने पछाडलेल्या दहशतवाद्यांना झाले नव्हते. पण, सोमवारी रात्री मात्र त्यांना सुरक्षा व्यवस्थेतल्या चुकीमुळे भाविकांच्या बसवर हल्ला चढवायची संधी मिळाली. अमरनाथाचे दर्शन घेऊन वैष्णोदेवीचे दर्शन घेऊन पुढे जम्मूला जायसाठी 56 यात्रेकरूंना घेऊन ही बस अनंतनागहून निघाली, ती सुरक्षा व्यवस्थेचा भंग करून. रात्री सात नंतर अनंतनाग- जम्मू महामार्गावरून वाहने चालवू नयेत, असा नियम अंमलात असतानाही, ही खाजगी बस रात्रीच्या वाहतूकबंदीचा नियम मोडून या महामार्गावरून जात होती. या मार्गावर येणा-जाणार्यान सर्व वाहनांना पोलीस आणि सुरक्षा दलांचे संरक्षण असल्याने, आतापर्यंत या रस्त्यावरील वाहतूक सुरक्षित होती. पण, या एकाकी जाणार्याह बसला हेरून दहशतवाद्यांनी बाटेंगूच्या परिसरात तिच्यावर अंदाधुंद गोळीबार केला. ही घटना घडली, तेव्हा या रस्त्यावर सुरक्षा रक्षकांची गस्त नव्हती. दहशतवाद्यांनी अचानक चढवलेल्या हल्ल्यामुळे या गाडीचा चालक सलीम शेख गफूर याला मृत्यूच्या संकटाची जाणीव झाली. त्याने धैर्याने न डगमगता बस न थांबवता भरधाव वेगाने 2 किलोमीटर अंतरावर असलेल्या लष्करी तळावर आणली. पण, दोन वेळा दहशतवाद्यांनी केलेल्या अंदाधुंद गोळीबारात बसच्या खिडक्यांजवळ बसलेले 7 यात्रेकरू ठार झाले आणि 19 जण जखमी झाले. आपल्या जीवाची पर्वा न करता दाखवलेल्या धाडसानेच 50 यात्रेकरूंचे प्राण वाचले अन्यथा अधिक प्राणहानी झाली असती. केंद्र आणि गुजरात सरकारने त्याला बक्षीस जाहीर करून त्याच्या धैर्याची प्रशंसा केली. हे योग्यच झाले. दहशतवाद्यांनी हल्ला चढवलेल्या बसची आणि बसमधील यात्रेकरूंची नोंद यात्रा सुरक्षा समितीकडे नव्हती, हा पोलिसांचा दावा खोटा असल्याचे निष्पन्न झाले आहे. नोंदणी झालेली ही बस त्या रात्री लष्करी जवानांनी आणि परिसरातल्या जनतेने तातडीने मृत्यूच्या कराल संकटातून वाचलेल्या यात्रेकरूंना मदत करून माणुसकी जागवली. दहशतवाद्यांनी मात्र धार्मिक सामंजस्य आणि एकजुटीच्या काश्मिरियतच्या परंपरेची मात्र आपल्या राक्षसी कृत्याने होळी केली. अमरनाथच्या यात्रेसाठी देशभरातून येणार्याक लाखो भाविकांची अनंतनाग आणि परिसरातले मुस्लीम लोकही श्रद्धेने सेवा, सहाय्य करतात. यात्रेकरूंच्या मदतीसाठी याच भागातील लोकांची पथकेही सेवाकार्यात गर्क असतात. या हल्ल्याने अमरनाथच्या यात्रेवरचे दहशतवादाचे सावट अधिक गंभीर झाले असले, तरी केंद्र आणि राज्य सरकारने मात्र या हल्ल्याची निंदा करीत अधिक सुरक्षा व्यवस्थेत ही यात्रा सुरू ठेवत, दहशतवाद्यांच्या नीच कृत्यांना, कट कारस्थानांना चोख प्रत्युत्तर दिले आहे. भाविकांच्या या सामूहिक हत्याकांडाचा मुख्यमंत्री मेहबूबा मुफ्ती, माजी मुख्यमंत्री ओमर अब्दुल्ला यांच्यासह फुटीरतावादी हुर्रियत परिषदेच्या नेत्यांनीही निषेध करून, हा मानवतेवर हल्ला असल्याच्या प्रतिक्रिया व्यक्त केल्या आहेत. पाकिस्तानचेच कारस्थान काश्मीर खोर्याेतल्या लाखो लोकांचे उदरनिर्वाहाचे साधन असलेला पर्यटन व्यवसाय बंद पाडून लोकांची रोजीरोटी हिरावून घ्यायसाठी पाकिस्ताननेच दहशतवाद्यांना आणि त्यांच्या साथीदारांना, हिंसाचार पेटता ठेवायसाठी हजारो कोटी रुपयांचा पुरवठा केला. परिणामी काश्मीर खोर्याात सुरक्षा दलाच्या जवानांवर सुरू झालेले दगडफेकीचे सत्र थांबलेले नाही. अशांत परिस्थितीमुळे काश्मीर खोर्याातला पर्यटन व्यवसाय जवळजवळ ठप्प झाला. आता अमरनाथच्या यात्रेमुळे अनंतनाग आणि परिसरातल्या लोकांना मिळणारा व्यवसाय बंद पाडायसाठी ही यात्रा उधळून लावायची कटकारस्थाने पाकिस्तानातच शिजल्याचे प्राथमिक तपासात निष्पन्नही झाले आहे. या हल्ल्याचा सूत्रधार लष्कर ए तोयबाचा म्होरक्या इस्माईल यानेच आखली होती आणि त्याचा सुगावा भारतीय गुप्तचर यंत्रणांना लागलेला होता. त्यामुळेच असा दहशतवादी हल्ला यात्रेकरूंवर होण्याचा धोका असल्याचा इशारा गुप्तचर यंत्रणांनी दिला होता. आतापर्यंत यावर्षी यात्रा सुरू झाल्यापासून 40 हजार जवानांच्या सुरक्षा व्यवस्थेत 1 लाख 10 हजार यात्रेकरू अमरनाथचे दर्शन घेऊन सुरक्षितपणे परतलेही होते. पण, या हल्ल्यामुळे यात्रा बंद पडेल, हा दहशतवाद्यांचा अंदाज मात्र सुरक्षा दलांनी आणि सरकारने, निर्भय यात्रेकरूंच्या निर्धाराने उधळला गेला. या हल्ल्यानंतर गेल्या 2 दिवसात 8 हजार यात्रेकरूंचे जथे अमरनाथच्या गुहेकडे कडक सुरक्षा व्यवस्थेत वाटचाल करीत आहेत. नाक्यावरच ही बस अडवली गेली असती, तर भाविकांचे हकनाक बळी गेले नसते. सुरक्षा यंत्रणेतली ही छोटीशी पण भयंकर चूक निरपराध भाविकांच्या मृत्यूला कारणीभूत ठरली. वास्तविक या बसवरच्या हल्ल्याच्या आधी काही वेळापूर्वीच बाटेंगूच्या पोलिसांच्या छावणीवर आणि त्यानंतर खानबलच्या पोलीस नाक्यावर दहशतवाद्यांनी गोळीबार केला होता. पण, पोलिसांनी चोख प्रत्युत्तर दिल्याने हे दहशतवादी पळून गेले होते. या घटनेची गंभीर दखल घेत पोलिसांनी अनंतनाग- जम्मू मार्गावरची सुरक्षा यंत्रणा अधिक कडक केली असती, या मार्गावर रात्रीची गस्त असती, तर हे दहशतवादी पोलिसांच्या तावडीत सापडले असते आणि ही दुर्घटनाही घडली नसती. या आधीही अमरनाथ यात्रा बंद पाडायसाठी पाकिस्तानच्या चिथावणीने, या यात्रेत अडथळे आणायचे प्रयत्न झाले होते. अमरनाथ श्राईन बोर्डाला यात्रेच्या काळात सरकारी मालकीची जमिन वापरायसाठी द्यायच्या विरोधात काश्मीर खोर्यानतल्या फुटीरतावाद्यांनी उग्र आंदोलनही केले होते. तेव्हा जम्मूतल्या जनतेने श्रीनगर आणि काश्मीर खोर्याधची नाकेबंदी केल्याने, फुटीरतावाद्यांना माघार घ्यावी लागली होती. गेली शेकडो वर्षे शांततेने पार पडणारी अमरनाथची यात्रा हे काश्मीर खोर्या तल्या धार्मिक ऐक्याचे प्रतीक असल्याने धर्मांध दहशतवाद्यांनी या ऐक्याला सुरुंग लावून, या यात्रेच्या मार्गातल्या जनतेची उपासमार करायचा रचलेला हा कट होता. केंद्र सरकारने आता अधिक सावधपणे पाकिस्तानातल्या दहशतवाद्यांच्या या विकृत कारवाया मोडून काढायला हव्यात. अमरनाथ यात्रेवर झालेल्या ताज्या हल्ल्यातही पाकिस्तानचाच हात आहे. अबू इस्माईल हा पाकिस्तानी अतिरेकीच या हत्याकांडाचा सूत्रधार आहे. या हल्ल्यातील पाकिस्तानी सहभागाचे पुरावेच समोर येत आहेत. त्यामुळेच हिंदुस्थानने युद्धबंदी मोडून पाचशेहून अधिक वेळा सीमेवर हल्ले केल्याचा कांगावा पाकडय़ांनी सुरू केला आहे. पाकडय़ांचे हे ‘सोंग’ आणि ‘ढोंग’ ओळखून हिंदुस्थानने अमरनाथ यात्रेकरूंवरील हल्ल्याचा सूड घेण्याच्या तयारीला लागायला हवे! पाकिस्तानचे नवे ढोंग पाकिस्तानसारखा ढोंगी देश आणि पाकडय़ांसारखे खोटारडे राज्यकर्ते जगाच्या पाठीवर कुठेही सापडणार नाहीत. बरं, हे ढोंग आणि खोटेपणाचा बुरखा कित्येकदा टराटरा फाटला आणि जागतिक पातळीवर पाकिस्तानच्या अब्रूचे धिंडवडे निघाले तरी असत्याच्या वाटेवरील फरफट सोडायला हा देश तयार नाही. आताही पाकिस्तानने नवे ढोंग रचले आहे. हिंदुस्थानी सैन्याने मागील सात महिन्यांत ५४२ वेळा युद्धबंदीचे उल्लंघन केल्याचा कांगावा पाकिस्तानने सुरू केला आहे. अमरनाथ यात्रेकरूंवरील दहशतवादी हल्ला आणि त्यातील पाकिस्तानचा सहभाग यावरून जगाचे लक्ष विचलित करण्यासाठीच पाकिस्तानच्या परराष्ट्र मंत्रालयाने ही थाप ठोकली हे उघड आहे. पाकिस्तानी परराष्ट्र मंत्रालयाचे प्रवक्ते नफीस झकेरिया यांनी हा फुसका बॉम्ब फोडला. वास्तविक पाकिस्तानी लष्कर, त्यांची आयएसआय ही गुप्तचर संस्था आणि एकूणच पाकिस्तानी सरकार हिंदुस्थानविरुद्ध सदैव कुरापती काढत असतात हे आंतरराष्ट्रीय सत्य आता जगाने स्वीकारले आहे. हिंदुस्थानातील घातपाती कारवाया आणि दहशतवादी हल्ल्यांमागे पाकडय़ांचेच सैतानी डोके असते हे प्रत्येक वेळी जगासमोरही आले. हिंदुस्थानने युद्धबंदी मोडून ५४२ वेळा सीमेवर हल्ले चढवले या बंडलबाजीवर खुद्द पाकिस्तानी जनतेचाही विश्वास बसणे कठीणच आहे. तरीही त्या देशाचे हिंदुस्थानविरुद्धच बांग ठोकणे सुरूच असते. पाकिस्तानी सैन्याने सीमेवर गोळीबार करायचा, तोफांचा भडीमार करायचा आणि हिंदुस्थानी सैन्याला एका दिशेला चकमकीत गुंतवून ठेवतानाच दुस-या बाजूने प्रशिक्षित केलेले अतिरेकी हिंदुस्थानी हद्दीत घुसवायचे हे पाकडय़ांचे जुनेच कारस्थान आहे. पाकिस्तानच्या गोळीबाराला हिंदुस्थानी जवानांनी उत्तर दिले की, ‘‘शस्त्रसंधी मोडली हो’’ म्हणून गळा काढायचा हे पाकिस्तानचे ‘ढोंग’ आणि ‘सोंग’ आता जगाला चिरपरिचित झाले आहे. हिंदुस्थानने मागच्या सात महिन्यांत युद्धबंदी मोडून केलेल्या गोळीबारात पाकिस्तानी सैनिकांसह १८ जणांचा मृत्यू झाला असा दावा पाकिस्तानी प्रवक्त्याने केला आहे. समजा, पाकिस्तानचा हा दावा क्षणभर मान्य केला तरी एक प्रश्न उरतोच! हिंदुस्थानी सैन्याने जर पाचशेहून अधिक वेळा युद्धबंदी मोडून पाकिस्तानी हद्दीत गोळीबार केला असेल तर फुटकळ अठराच पाकडे कसे काय मरण पावले? मृतांचा आकडाही मग शेकडय़ांतच असायला हवा होता. चार-चार युद्धांत हिंदुस्थानकडून पराभवाची धूळ चाखल्यानंतरही हिंदुस्थानी सैनिकांच्या नेमबाजीवर पाकडय़ांनी अशी शंका घ्यावी हे बरं नाही! याचा अर्थ स्पष्ट आहे युद्धबंदी पाकिस्तानकडूनच मोडली जाते. त्याला चोख प्रत्युत्तर तर मिळणारच. पाकिस्तानने आधी आगळीक करायची आणि हिंदुस्थानी जवानांनी गोळीबाराला गोळीबारानेच उत्तर दिले की, शस्त्र्ासंधी मोडल्याचा कांगावा करायचा हा पोरकटपणा आहे. हिंदुस्थानकडून होत असलेल्या युद्धबंदीच्या उल्लंघनामुळे प्रादेशिक शांततेला धोका निर्माण झाला आहे, आंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तरावर चिंता व्यक्त होत आहे अशी फुसकुलीही पाकिस्तानने सोडली आहे त्यावर विश्वास कोण ठेवणार? नाही म्हणायला हे रडके बाळ मांडीवर घेणाऱया चीनच्या नकटय़ा मामूंशिवाय पाकडय़ांचे हे नकली अश्रू पुसायला कोण पुढे येणार? वास्तविक हिंदुस्थानने ५४२ वेळा युद्धबंदी मोडली हेच सफेद झूठ आहे. उलट पाकिस्ताननेच गेल्या अडीच-तीन वर्षांत हजाराहून अधिक वेळा युद्धबंदी मोडून सीमेवरील चौक्या आणि हिंदुस्थानच्या सीमावर्ती गावांवर हल्ले चढवले. हिंदुस्थानी हद्दीत घुसून दोन जवानांची निर्घृण हत्या केली, त्या दोन्ही जवानांचे शीर धडावेगळे करून मृतदेहांची क्रूर विटंबना केली. पाकिस्तानने सीमेवर केलेले हल्ले आणि कश्मीर खोऱयात अतिरेक्यांमार्फत घडवलेले हल्ले यात हिंदुस्थानचे दोनशेहून अधिक जवान शहीद झाले. अमरनाथ यात्रेवर झालेल्या ताज्या हल्ल्यातही पाकिस्तानचाच हात आहे. अबू इस्माईल हा पाकिस्तानी अतिरेकीच या हत्याकांडाचा सूत्रधार आहे. या हल्ल्यातील पाकिस्तानी सहभागाचे पुरावेच समोर येत आहेत. त्यामुळेच हिंदुस्थानने युद्धबंदी मोडून पाचशेहून अधिक वेळा सीमेवर हल्ले केल्याचा कांगावा पाकडय़ांनी सुरू केला आहे. पाकडय़ांचे हे ‘सोंग’ आणि ‘ढोंग’ ओळखून हिंदुस्थानने अमरनाथ यात्रेकरूंवरील हल्ल्याचा सूड घेण्याच्या तयारीला लागायला हवे! जम्मू-काश्मीरमधील अनंतनाग येथे अमरनाथ यात्रेकरूंच्या बसवरील दहशतवादी हल्ल्यामागे लष्कर-ए-तोयबाचा हात असल्याचे स्पष्ट झाले आहे. पाकिस्तानी दहशतवादी इस्माइल याने या हल्ल्याचा कट रचल्याची माहितीही समोर आली आहे. अमरनाथ यात्रेवर हल्ला होऊ शकतो, अशी भीती आधीच व्यक्त करण्यात आली होती. गुप्तचर विभागाने तशी माहिती सरकारला दिली होती. या पार्श्वभूमीवर अमरनाथ यात्रेकरूंच्या केसालाही धक्का लागणार नाही, असे आश्वासन जम्मू-काश्मीर सरकारने दिले होते. तरीही सुरक्षा यंत्रणेतील त्रुटी किंवा टूर ऑपरेटर्सच्या चुकीमुळे मानवजातीला कलंक असलेल्या दहशतवाद्यांनी निरपराध अमरनाथ यात्रेकरूंवर भ्याड हल्ला केला आणि त्यात सात भाविक मृत्युमुखी पडले, ही अतिशय दु:खाची आणि तितकीच संतापजनक बाब आहे. काश्मीर खोरे कायम पेटते राहावे असेच पाक पुरस्कृत दहशतवाद्यांना वाटते. त्याच हेतूने अमरनाथ यात्रेकरूंच्या बसवर दहशतवाद्यांनी हा हल्ला केला. भारत-पाकिस्तानमधील तणावपूर्ण संबंधांमध्ये आणखी भर घालणारा हा हल्ला आहे. कोटय़वधी भारतीयांची श्रद्धा आणि परंपरेवर झालेला हा हल्ला आहे. १५ वर्षापूर्वी अमरनाथ यात्रेकरूंवर असाच हल्ला झाला होता. त्यानंतर मधल्या काळात ही यात्रा सुरळीत पार पडली. दहशतवादाचा धोका असतानाही देशभरातून मोठय़ा संख्येत यात्रेकरू अमरनाथला दरवर्षी जातात आणि अतिशय श्रद्धेने ‘बम बम बोले, हर हर महादेव’चा गजर करत बर्फाच्या शिवलिंगाचे दर्शन घेतात. अमरनाथ यात्रा हिंदू-मुस्लीम सहिष्णुतेचा ऐतिहासिक वारसा समजली जाते. १८५० मध्ये बुटा मलिक या मुस्लीम मेंढपाळाने अमरनाथ गुंफा शोधली होती. हे मलिक कुटुंब या गुंफेचे रखवालदार होते. नंतर दशनामी आखाडा व पुरोहित सभा मातन या दोन हिंदू संस्थांच्या पुजा-यांनी अमरनाथ गुंफेची जबाबदारी घेतली. त्यामुळे कित्येक दशके ही यात्रा हिंदू-मुस्लीम सद्भावनेचा आदर्श होती. पण २००० मध्ये नॅशनल कॉन्फरन्स सरकारने यात्रेकरूंना योग्य सुविधा मिळाव्यात म्हणून अमरनाथ गुंफा प्रार्थनास्थळावर प्रशासक आणून मलिक कुटुंब व हिंदू संस्थांची मक्तेदारी मोडली. तरीही देशाच्या विविध भागांतून हजारो पर्यटक या यात्रेला जात असताना त्यांच्या जेवणाची-निवासाची व प्रवासाची जबाबदारी स्थानिक मुस्लीम करत असतात. हिंदू-मुस्लीम धार्मिक आणि सांस्कृतिक एकात्मतेला तडा देण्याच्या उद्देशाने पाकपुरस्कृत दहशतवाद्यांनी हा हल्ला केला. या हल्ल्यातून धार्मिक तणाव वाढविण्याचा उद्देश स्पष्ट होतो. या हल्ल्याने अमरनाथ यात्रेकरू अजिबात विचलित झालेले नाहीत आणि घाबरलेही नाहीत, हे मानवतेच्या शत्रूंनी लक्षात घेतले पाहिजे. कारण हल्ल्याच्या दुस-याच दिवशी जम्मू बेस कॅम्पहून ३२७९ भाविकांचा जत्था पहलगाम आणि बालटालकडे रवाना झाला. परंतु नेहमीच घडणा-या अतिरेकी हल्ल्यांमुळे दिवसेंदिवस काश्मीरमधील पर्यटकांची संख्या कमी होत आहे. त्याचे परिणाम स्थानिक जनतेवर होत असून बेकार तरुणांना रोजगाराचे आमिष दाखवून अतिरेकी त्यांना आपल्या जाळ्यात ओढत आहेत. देशाच्या सुरक्षिततेच्या दृष्टीने ही अतिशय चिंताजनक बाब आहे. अतिरेक्यांच्या भ्याड हल्ल्यापुढे झुकायला भारत हा षंढांचा देश निश्चितच नाही. कोणत्याही संकटांचा मुकाबला करण्यासाठी आपण सक्षम आहोत. पाकपुरस्कृत आतंकवाद आता ठेचून काढलाच पाहिजे. अमरनाथ यात्रा शांततेत झाली तर हिंदू-मुस्लीम गुण्यागोविंदाने नांदतील आणि काश्मीर खो-यात शांतता नांदेल, अशी भीती पाकिस्तानला वाटते. स्वतंत्र झाल्यापासून पाकिस्तानात कायम अस्थिरता, अशांतता आणि दिवाळखोरी आहे. चीन व अमेरिकेने फेकलेल्या तुकडय़ांवर त्यांची मस्ती आणि मुजोरी सुरू आहे. अमरनाथ यात्रेवर हल्ला करून हिंदूंच्या मनात मुस्लीम बांधवांबद्दल द्वेष निर्माण करण्याचा प्रयत्न पाकिस्तानने केला आहे. ही बाब लक्षात घेत स्वत:च्या हितासाठी काश्मिरी बांधवांनी पाकिस्तानचे षड्यंत्र हाणून पाडले पाहिजे.

Hero of the High Seas -RASHMI OBEROI-Just last month, we lost the naval war hero of 1971. A recipient of the Vir Chakra, Cdr. B. N. Kavina had led the attack on Karachi during the 1971 India-Pakistan war. He died on 30 June 2017 in Adelaide (Australia). Cdr Kavina was 80 years old and lived there with his son Karl. He is considered as one of the chief architects of the daring attack.

A Hero of the High Seas RASHMI OBEROI Sunday, July 16,2017 Sadly, such stories hardly make it to the news and remain a ‘ticker’ and ‘newsworthy’ pieces that bespeak of ‘communalism/hatred/breaking-n ews’ make it on prime time and get more coverage! The daring operation that Cdr. Kavina is famous for, code named ‘Operation Trident’ was executed by the 25th missile squadron comprising naval ships Nipat, Nirghat and Veer of the Indian Navy. At that time, Lt Cdr. Kavina was the commanding officer of INS Nipat, a Vidyut-class missile boat. Apart from INS Nipat, the squadron comprised INS Nirghat and INS Veer each armed with four SS-N-2B Styx anti-ship missiles. The Nirghat fired two missiles and sank the Pakistan Navy destroyer Khaibar. The missile boat Nipat also fired two missiles and sank the merchant ship Venus Challenger. The third boat Veer engaged with the Pakistan Navy’s coastal minesweeper Muhafiz, firing one missile and sinking it successfully. The story did not end there. Lt Cdr Kavina then took the Nipat within 25km of the shore, firing a Styx at the Keamari oil terminal setting off a spectacular blaze. This set the stage for the second missile attack on Karachi after which, the Pakistani fleet did not venture out to the sea during the rest of the war, rendering full control of the sea to the Indian Navy. This brings us to understand the exact reason why Navy Day is celebrated. It is observed annually on December 4 to celebrate the magnificence, achievements and role of the naval force of the country. The Indian Navy is one of most potent maritime forces in the world and the most lethal in the Indian Ocean. The observance of the day commemorates the launch of Operation Trident by the Indian Navy against Pakistan on 4th December, 1971. During the 1971 India-Pakistan war, the Indian Navy had played a significant role in the bombing of the Karachi harbour, the stronghold of the Pakistani Navy. In this attack, Indian Navy sank four Pakistani vessels and ravaged the Karachi harbour fuel fields. In this operation, the three missile boats had played a pivotal role. Operation Trident had also resulted in first use of anti-ship missiles in the Arabian Sea region. The Indian Air Force had been carrying out reconnaissance flights over West Pakistan during December 1971, along the 2,430-km border. In a bid to frustrate such plans, Pakistan launched pre-emptive air strikes on Indian bases nicknamed Operation Chengiz Khan on the evening of December 3, 1971. Indian air bases at Amritsar, Agra, Srinagar, Pathankot, Jodhpur, Ambala, etc. were bombed. This led India directly into attacking the western wing which it wanted from the day the crisis in East Pakistan had begun. India retaliated immediately and from the night itself bombed Pakistan airfields and vital installations. The Indo-Pakistan war of 1971 had begun. Pakistan was now engaged on two fronts. While Indian air force attacked Pakistani installations every day, the Indian navy launched an attack on the Karachi port — the lifeline of Pakistan. On the night of December 4 and 5, Operation Trident caused major damage. Pakistan Navy suffered another loss when its submarine PNS Ghazi sank in the Bay of Bengal, where India had enforced a naval blockade of East Pakistan. Here India’s only aircraft carrier INS Vikrant was deployed not only to carry out a naval blockade of Bay of Bengal but to undertake air attacks inside East Pakistan. This also made East Pakistan navy ineffective. India too suffered a loss of a frigate INS Khukri near Karachi on December 9. After the first round of air force and naval attacks on Karachi on December 4, India wanted to cripple Pakistan by blocking the Karachi seaport. Pakistan Navy retaliated by bombing Okha harbour in Gujarat and its fuel reserves, but three days later the Indian navy undertook another operation against Karachi titled Operation Python on the night of December 8 and 9, and sank three merchant navy ships but the loss of oil reserves at the port was severe. All 22 fuel tanks were ablaze for three days. After December 8, Karachi seaport virtually stopped operating. Trade stood still. Besides the damage caused to the naval facilities at Karachi harbour, the attacks caused serious damage to civilian life and material. The naval and air attacks on Karachi continued till there was a ceasefire after Dhaka fell. After the December 3 situation, the Indian air force bombed the air bases in Punjab and Kashmir and the infantry pushed through Sindh, Punjab and Kashmir. Here the Indian army stayed till the final withdrawal truce. As the war had flared up, world leaders regained new efforts for considering ways to stop it and bring the parties to the negotiating table. The Indo-Pakistani war of 1971 was one of the shortest yet one of the important wars in the history of the two countries. During the war, apart from Indian Army and Indian Air Force, the Indian Navy played a huge role in making the Pakistanis surrender. These attacks on Karachi not only destroyed the Pakistani oil reserves, but also destroyed the refinery thereby depriving Pakistan of the ability to process more oil. This in-turn resulted in a severe shortage of petrol, diesel and aviation fuel, reducing Pakistan's ability to sustain the war effort against India. This was the main reason why the war was so short and the surrender of Pakistani forces was achieved with relative ease. They did not have sufficient fuel for their ships, aircraft and vehicles including tanks to sustain the war effort! Planned under the leadership of Admiral Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda and masterminded by then Fleet Operations Officer of the Navy Gulab Mohanlal Hiranandani, Operation Trident is referred to as one of the most audacious naval attempts the world has ever witnessed. In conversation with Capt. Samir Kohli, CEO The Erring Human®, this is what he had to say, “As far as I am concerned, this is the story of excellent planning and a flawless execution against all odds. The missile boats of operation Trident are extremely tiny boats that neither have the fuel nor sufficient water or sea keeping quality to make the passage from Mumbai to Karachi. They were therefore towed there, with the crew subject to severe water and food rationing while vomiting their guts out due to heavy roll and pitch experienced in high seas. The pin drop precision with which this attack was accomplished takes on a very different meaning in the light of these conditions which are not known to many who have never ventured out at sea. This is the story which motivated me to join the Navy. Of course, the heroes of this operation had long retired and gone by the time I was old enough to join, but that did not come in the way of their bravery inspiring me and keeping me motivated to deliver my best when I faced similar conditions at sea. My chance to meet my heroes came several years later. First was a chance encounter at a gas station in Coonoor near Ooty, with the great Late Field Marshall Sam Manekshaw, where after staring at him for some time, I drew up the courage to walk up to him! I was too much in awe to be in his presence and words failed me then. Several years later, after my retirement, came another chance encounter at the airport with Late Cdr. Kavina and the unforgettable 5 or 7 minutes of time to exchange greetings and to convey my respects to the man who had changed the course of my life!

Sunday, 16 July 2017

*Indian govt can not stop trade with China because of WTO treaties,* but we people can definitely control the Chinese goods purchase. Because each money we pay for Chinese item will be used against our own army only. *We are only strengthening our enemies.* *We 100 Billion can definitely affect China's economy .

*Indian govt can not stop trade with China because of WTO treaties,* but we people can definitely control the Chinese goods purchase. Because each money we pay for Chinese item will be used against our own army only. *We are only strengthening our enemies.* *We 100 Billion can definitely affect China's economy ... !!!*

Saturday, 15 July 2017

काश्मीरचे वास्तव…July 16, 2017029 जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्ये शांतता प्रस्थापित करायची असेल, तर केंद्र सरकारने संवादाची प्रक्रिया सुरू केली पाहिजे, संवाद सुरू झाला तर जनतेच्या मनात एक प्रकारचा विश्वातस निर्माण होईल आणि दगडफेकीसारखे प्रकार बंद होतील, असा एक मतप्रवाह काश्मीरमध्ये दिसून आला.

अटलबिहारी वाजपेयी पंतप्रधान असताना त्यांनी जम्मू-काश्मीरच्या समस्येवर तोडगा काढण्यासाठी भरपूर प्रयत्न केलेत, पाकिस्तानसोबत बोलणीची प्रक्रिया सुरू केली, समझोता एक्सप्रेस सुरू केली, वाघा बॉर्डर पार करून जाणारी बससेवा सुरू केली. अटलबिहारी वाजपेयी आणखी काही काळ पंतप्रधानपदी राहिले असते, तर आज काश्मीरचा प्रश्न राहिलाच नसता, असे बोलणारी अनेक माणसं आम्हाला काश्मिरात भेटली. अगदी मुख्यमंत्री मेहबुबा मुफ्ती यांच्यापासून तर सर्वाधिक खपाचे इंग्रजी दैनिक ग्रेटर काश्मीरचे मालक-संपादक फैयाज अहमद कल्लू यांच्यापर्यंत सगळ्यांनीच अटलबिहारी वाजपेयी यांची तोंडभरून प्रशंसा केली. अटलबिहारी वाजपेयी यांच्याबद्दल प्रत्येकाच्या मनात आजही प्रचंड आदरभाव असल्याचे पदोपदी जाणवले. शांतता कराराचे उल्लंघन करीत कारगिलमार्गे भारतात घुसखोरी करत आक्रमण करणार्या् पाकिस्तानला धूळ चारल्यानंतरही अटलबिहारी वाजपेयी यांनी पाकिस्तानशी बोलणीची प्रक्रिया खंडित केली नाही, याची आठवण अनेकांनी करून दिली. अटलबिहारी वाजपेयी यांची लोकप्रियता आजही तिथे कायम असल्याचे लक्षात आले. काश्मीरच्या प्रश्नायवर कायमस्वरूपी तोडगा काढायचा असेल, तर सर्व संंबंधितांशी म्हणजेच स्टेक होल्डर्सशी बोलणी करावीच लागेल, सगळ्यांना चर्चेत सामील करून घ्यावेच लागेल. यात पाकिस्तान तर आहेच, काश्मिरातील फुटीरतावादी हुरियत कॉन्फरन्सचे नेते आहेत, सर्व राजकीय पक्षांचे नेते आहेत, सामान्य जनता आहे. सगळ्यांशी बोलल्याशिवाय आणि त्यांची मते विचारात घेतल्याशिवाय तोडगा निघणे केवळ अशक्य असल्याचे मत काश्मीरमधील राजकीय नेते, तिथले व्यावसायिक, तिथली सामान्य जनता, तिथले उद्योजक, तिथले फुटीरतावादी नेते यांनी व्यक्त केले. जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्ये शांतता प्रस्थापित करायची असेल, तर केंद्र सरकारने संवादाची प्रक्रिया सुरू केली पाहिजे, संवाद सुरू झाला तर जनतेच्या मनात एक प्रकारचा विश्वाकस निर्माण होईल आणि दगडफेकीसारखे प्रकार बंद होतील, असा एक मतप्रवाह दिसून आला. संवादाच्या प्रक्रियेत दगडफेक आणि हिंसाचाराचाच अडथळा आहे, याकडे लक्ष वेधले असता, सगळी जबाबदारी केंद्र सरकारवर ढकलताना कुणीही संकोच केला नाही. काश्मीरमध्ये सध्या मुफ्ती मोहम्मद सईद यांनी स्थापन केलेल्या पीपल्स डेमोक्रॅटिक पार्टीचे सरकार भाजपाशी युती करून सत्तेत आहे. मुफ्ती मोहम्मद सईद यांच्या निधनानंतर तिथे आता त्यांची कन्या मेहबुबा मुफ्ती मुख्यमंत्री आहेत. पण, आम्ही ज्या वेळी त्यांच्याशी बोललो, त्या वेळी त्यांनीही नरेंद्र मोदींकडूनच अपेक्षा व्यक्त केली! त्यांच्या चेहर्याुवर आत्मविश्वावस तर कुठे दिसलाच नाही. शिवाय, राजकीय परिपक्वतेचाही अभाव जाणवला. मी या राज्याची मुख्यमंत्री आहे आणि या राज्यातील जनतेच्या हितासाठी मी शेवटच्या क्षणापर्यंत काम करीत राहीन, असे त्या बोलतील, अशी अपेक्षा असताना त्या बॅकफुटवर जाताना दिसल्या. कुठेतरी त्यांच्यावरही पाकिस्तान वा अन्य घटकांचे प्रचंड दडपण असल्याचे त्यांच्याशी बोलताना जाणवले. कोणत्याही प्रश्ना चे उत्तर देताना त्यांनी केंद्र सरकारकडेच बोट दाखवले. राज्यातल्या सरकारची काही जबाबदारी आहे, हे मान्य करण्याचा मोठेपणा त्यांना दाखवता आला नाही. अटलबिहारी वाजपेयी यांच्याबद्दल जसे सगळेच आदराने बोलले, तसेच ते पंतप्रधान नरेंद्र मोदींबद्दलही बोलण्याचा प्रयत्न करीत होते. पण, विधानसभा निवडणुकीआधी चार-पाच वेळा राज्यात आलेले मोदी नंतर आलेच नाहीत, याबद्दल अनेकांनी नाराजीही व्यक्त केली. पंतप्रधान नरेंद्र मोदी हे देशाचे पंतप्रधान आहेत, त्यांनी एकदा राज्यात यावे, संपूर्ण देश तुमच्यासोबत आहे, असे प्रेमाने अन् जिव्हाळ्याने म्हणावे, आम्ही त्यांच्या आवाहनाला साद देऊ, असे अनेक जण बोलले. पंतप्रधानांनी आम्हाला विश्वामस द्यावा की, संपूर्ण सरकार तुमच्या पाठीशी आहे, त्याने आमचा आत्मविश्वाेस वाढेल, असे सगळ्यांनीच नमूद केले. पंतप्रधान मोदींकडून काश्मीरमधील जनतेला फार अपेक्षा आहेत, असे त्यांच्याशी बोलताना अनेकदा जाणवले. सगळे काश्मिरी दहशतवादी नाहीत, सगळेच काश्मिरी दगड फेकत नाहीत, सगळे काश्मिरी पाकिस्तानचे सहानुभूतिदार नाहीत, सगळेच काश्मिरी अतिरेक्यांना संरक्षण देत नाहीत, हे जरी खरे असले, तरी सुरक्षा दलाच्या जवानांवर दगड फेकणारे काश्मिरीच आहेत, अतिरेक्यांशी लढणार्याे शूर जवानांच्या मार्गात आडवे येणारेही काश्मिरीच आहेत, काही अतिरेकीही काश्मिरीच आहेत, हे वास्तव कुणी नाकारू शकत नाही! १९८९ साली केंद्रात विश्विनाथ प्रतापसिंह यांचे सरकार सत्तेत आले, मुफ्ती मोहम्मद सईद गृहमंत्री झाले आणि तेव्हापासून काश्मिरात दहशतवाद फोफावण्यास सुरुवात झाली. मुफ्तींची मुलगी रुबिना सईद हिचे अपहरण झाले, तिच्या सुटकेच्या बदल्यात खतरनाक अतिरेक्यांची सुटका करण्यात आली अन् अतिरेक्यांचे मनोबल उंचावले आणि सुरक्षा दलाचे मनोबल खच्ची झाले! ही घटना विसरता येण्यासारखी निश्चिउतच नाही. तेव्हापासून ठुसठुसणारे काश्मीरचे हे दुखणे आजही सुरूच आहे आणि ते कधी थांबेल, हे येणारा काळच सांगेल! पंतप्रधान नरेंद्र मोदी आणि त्यांचे सहकारी काश्मिरात शांतता प्रस्थापित करण्यासाठी अहोरात्र झटत आहेत. अतिरेक्यांना टिपण्यासाठी सुरक्षायंत्रणा जिवाचे रान करीत आहेत. पण, मोदी बोलत नाहीत, असा आरोप त्यांच्यावर केला जात आहे. बोलण्यापेक्षा कृतीवर मोदींचा अधिक भर आहे आणि गोपनीय गोष्टी बोलायच्या नसतात, हेही जे लोक लक्षात घेत नाहीत किंवा ते लक्षात घेण्याची त्यांची क्षमता नाही, त्यांच्याकडे देशवासीयांनी दुर्लक्ष केलेलेच बरे! काश्मीरमध्ये नेमकी काय परिस्थिती आहे, टीव्हीवर जे दाखविले जाते आणि वर्तमानपत्रांतून ज्या बातम्या प्रकाशित केल्या जातात, त्यात किती तथ्य आहे, प्रत्यक्ष परिस्थिती काय आहे, हे जाणून घेण्यासाठी महाराष्ट्र, गोवा आणि गुजरातमधील २५ संपादक-पत्रकारांचा एक गट नुकताच काश्मीरला भेट देऊन आला. मीसुद्धा त्या गटाचा एक भाग होतो. त्यामुळे जे पाहिले, ऐकले व अनुभवले त्यावरून असे लक्षात आले की, पुढाकार हा केंद्र सरकारनेच घेतला पाहिजे, सगळी जबाबदारी फक्त केंद्राचीच आहे, अशी खोर्यानतल्या सगळ्यांची भावना झाली आहे. खाली मी जे लिहिले आहे, त्यावरून आपल्याही हे सहज लक्षात यावे. जम्मू आणि काश्मीर आज संकटात आहे तो पाकिस्तानच्या क्षमतेमुळे नव्हे, तर आमची क्षमता कमी पडते आहे म्हणून आम्ही संकटात आहोत, असे काश्मीरमधले एकमेव कम्युनिस्ट आमदार आणि ज्येष्ठ नेते मोहम्मद युसुफ तारिगामी यांनी म्हटले आहे. त्याचप्रमाणे ‘काश्मीर विरुद्ध भारत’ असा होत असलेला प्रचार ताबडतोब बंद झाला पाहिजे, असेही ते म्हणतात. आता हा प्रचार कोण करतं, कुणी बंद केला पाहिजे, या प्रश्ना वर ते म्हणतात की, इलेक्ट्रॉनिक मीडियाकडून असा प्रचार सुरू आहे आणि तो थांबविण्यासाठी केंद्र सरकारने पुढाकार घेतला पाहिजे. काश्मीरची समस्या ही धार्मिक, आर्थिक वा अन्य कोणत्याही प्रकारची नसून, ती राजकीय स्वरूपाची आहे. पंतप्रधान नरेंद्र मोदी हे सक्षम आहेत, त्यांच्यात धाडस आहे, त्यांच्यात निर्णयक्षमता आहे, त्यांच्याकडे दूरदृष्टी आहे आणि या शिदोरीच्या आधारे काश्मीरच्या समस्येवर समाधानकारक तोडगा ते काढू शकतात, असे मत व्यक्त केले जम्मू-काश्मीरमधील सत्ताधारी पीपल्स डेमोक्रॅटिक पार्टीचे उपाध्यक्ष आणि मुख्यमंत्री मेहबुबा मुफ्ती यांचे मामा सरताज मदनी यांनी! बोलता बोलता तेही इलेक्ट्रॉनिक मीडियाच्या भूमिकेवर तुटून पडले. एखादी छोटीशीही घटना घडली तरी त्याचे अतिरंजित वर्णन दाखविले जाते आणि देशवासीयांची दिशाभूल केली जाते. अशी दिशाभूल करून जम्मू-काश्मीर आणि देशाचा उर्वरित भाग यांच्यात ‘दरार’ पाडण्याचे कारस्थान केले जात आहे आणि म्हणून काश्मीरवगळता देशाच्या उर्वरित भागातील जनतेनेही डोळे उघडणे गरजेचे आहे, असेही ते म्हणाले. पंतप्रधान नरेंद्र मोदी यांच्यात हिंमत आहे, त्यांच्यात राजकीय इच्छाशक्तीही आहे, त्यांच्या सरकारकडे बहुमतही आहे, ते प्रामाणिक आहेत, म्हणूनच त्यांच्याकडून काश्मीरप्रश्नीआ यशस्वी तोडगा काढला जाऊ शकतो, अशी आम्हाला आशा आहे, असे जम्मू-काश्मीरच्या मुख्यमंत्री मेहबुबा मुफ्ती यांनी म्हटले आहे. काश्मीरचा प्रश्नह जर मोदी यांनी सोडविला, तर ते संपूर्ण भारतीय उपखंडासाठी वरदान ठरेल आणि या कार्यासाठी पंतप्रधान मोदी यांना ‘शांततेचे नोबेल’ पारितोषिकही मिळेल, असेही मेहबुबा यांनी म्हटले आहे. मोदींकडे गुणांची एवढी खाण असतानाही जर काश्मीरप्रश्नीद तोडगा निघाला नाही, तर भविष्यात अन्य कुणाकडून तो निघू शकेल, याबाबत मला शंका वाटते, असेही त्यांनी नमूद केले. काश्मिरी तरुणांकडून दगडफेक का करविली जाते, त्यांना नियंत्रणात का ठेवले जात नाही, त्यांना पैसा कुठून दिला जातो, ते मोहम्मद अयुब पंडित नावाच्या पोलिस अधीक्षकाची रमझानच्या पवित्र महिन्यात मशिदीबाहेर हत्या का करतात, त्यांना चिथावणीचा आरोप तर तुमच्यावर आहे, असे विचारले असता फुटीरतावादी नेते मीरवाईज उमर फारूक म्हणतात की, आम्ही त्यांना चिथावणी देत नाही, ते आता आमच्याही नियंत्रणापलीकडे गेले आहे, आमच्याही जिवाला धोका निर्माण झाला आहे. फुटीरतावादी हे पाकधार्जिणे आहेत, ज्यात तुम्हीही आहात, असा आरोप केला जातो. यावर ते म्हणतात की, हा आरोप चुकीचा आहे. काश्मीरच्या प्रश्ना वर यशस्वी तोडगा काढायचा असेल, तर सर्व संबंधितांना चर्चेच्या प्रक्रियेत सामील करून घ्यावे लागेल, यात पाकिस्तानचाही समावेश आहे. पाकिस्तानला टाळून चर्चेची प्रक्रिया पूर्ण होऊ शकणार नाही आणि तोडगाही निघणार नाही. काश्मिरी तरुणांनी दगड फेकणे बंद केले पाहिजे. दगड फेकल्याने आणि गोळ्या झाडल्याने तोडगा निघणार नाही. हे मत व्यक्त केले आहे जम्मू-काश्मीरमधील सर्वाधिक खपाचे इंग्रजी दैनिक ‘ग्रेटर काश्मीर’चे मालक-संपादक फैयाज अहमद कल्लू यांनी. इलेक्ट्रॉनिक मीडियाकडून भेदभाव केला जात आहे आणि केंद्र व राज्य सरकार संवेदनहीन झाले आहे, असा थेट आरोप त्यांनी केला. राज्यात सत्तेत असलेले पीडीपी आणि भाजपा आघाडीचे सरकार सर्व आघाड्यांवर अपयशी ठरले आहे आणि राज्याची अर्थव्यवस्था या आघाडीने मोडकळीस आणली आहे, असा आरोप करायलाही ते विसरले नाहीत. राज्यात राजकीय अस्थिरतेचे वातावरण आहे आणि ही अस्थिरता आजची नाही. तर इंदिरा गांधी पंतप्रधान असताना त्यांनी अब्दुल्लांचे सरकार पाडून कॉंग्रेसचे सरकार स्थापित केले होते, तेव्हापासून निर्माण झाल्याचा आरोपही त्यांनी केला. अब्दुल्लांचे सरकार उलथवले नसते, तर कदाचित आज ही परिस्थिती उद्‌भवली नसती, हे सांगायलाही ते विसरले नाहीत. ‘‘दिलों की दरारों को भरने के लिए विश्वा स का मरहम चाहिए. कश्मीर में बेरोजगारी से भी बडी समस्या औद्योगिक विकास के लिए अनुकूल माहौल का न होना हैं,’’ हे उद्‌गार काढले आहेत काश्मीरमधल्या एकमेव मोठ्या खैबर व मॅक्स समूहाचे प्रमुख उमर त्र्यंबू यांनी! काश्मीरमध्ये गेल्या तीन दशकांपासून दहशतवाद वास करून आहे, राजकीय अस्थिरतेसोबतच सामाजिक उद्रेकही शांत झालेला नाही आणि त्याचा विपरीत परिणाम विकासावर झालेला आहे. उमर त्र्यंबू बोलत होते ते खाली मान घालूनच. एवढा श्रीमंत माणूस कसा ताठ मानेने बोलता व्हायला पाहिजे होता. पण, काश्मीर खोर्या तले वातावरणच आज एवढे संशयाचे अन् विश्वा सघाताचे झाले आहे की, कुणीही खुलेआम हिंमत करून बोलायला तयार नाही! आपल्याला असे वाटते की, काश्मिरात फक्त पाकिस्तानच्या आयएसआयचा हस्तक्षेप आहे. तो तर आहेच, अन्य अनेक एजन्सीज्‌चा हस्तक्षेप होत असल्याने दहशतीचे वातावरण आहे. आम्ही संपादक-पत्रकार जेव्हा त्यांना भेटायला गेलो, तेव्हा त्यांच्या चेहर्याेवर आत्मविश्वातस झळकत नव्हता. त्यांच्या मनात कुठेतरी संशयाची पाल चुकचुकत होती. या लोकांमध्ये कुणी आयएसआय वा अन्य एजन्सीचा माणूस तर नाही ना, या शंकेने ते मोकळे बोललेच नाहीत! संपूर्ण चर्चा आटोपल्यानंतर जेव्हा आम्ही त्यांच्यासोबत फोटोसेशन केले, तेव्हा त्यांचा चेहरा थोडा खुललेला दिसला. पण, काश्मीरमधले लोक बोलत नाहीत, यामागे पाकिस्तान व अन्य एजन्सीज्‌चा धाक त्यांना किती आहे, हे स्पष्टपणे लक्षात आले. इलेक्ट्रॉनिक मीडियाच्या भूमिकेवर जवळपास प्रत्येकाने नाराजी व्यक्त केली. वृत्तवाहिन्यांवर सायंकाळी प्राईम टाईममध्ये काश्मीरच्या मुद्यावर ज्या चर्चा घडवून आणल्या जातात, त्यात काश्मिरी लोकांनाच गुन्हेगार ठरविले जाते, शिव्या घातल्या जातात. हा प्रकार न थांबता अव्याहत सुरू असल्याबद्दल तिथल्या लोकांनी संताप व्यक्त केला. काश्मीरमधले वातावरण कसे बिघडेल, हे उद्दिष्ट समोर ठेवूनच असल्या चिथावणीखोर चर्चा घडवून आणल्या जात असल्याचा आरोप सगळ्यांनीच केला. विशेष म्हणजे ज्यांना काश्मीरमधील परिस्थितीबाबत काही ज्ञान नाही, अशा अज्ञानी लोकांना चर्चेत सामील करून घेतले जाते. ते काहीही बरळतात आणि काश्मीरला बदनाम करण्याचा प्रयत्न करतात. देशाच्या उर्वरित भागात काश्मीर आणि काश्मिरी लोकांबाबत गैरसमज निर्माण होईल, असे वातावरण तयार करण्यात या वाहिन्यांचा मोठा हात असल्याचा आरोपही तिथले सर्व स्तरातील लोक करीत आहेत. काही वृत्तवाहिन्यांच्या निवेदकांची नावे घेऊन या मंडळींनी तीव्र स्वरूपाची नाराजी व्यक्त केली. एकूणच, काश्मीर खोर्यानत आजही परिस्थिती तणावपूर्ण आहे. अतिरेकी कारवाया वाढल्या आहेत. दगडफेकीच्या घटनाही वाढल्या आहेत. कधी काय होईल, याचा काही नेम नाही. राज्यातले राजकीय नेते स्वत:ची सोय पाहात असल्याने त्यांच्याकडून शांततेसाठी काही प्रयत्न होतील, याची सुतराम शक्यता दिसत नाही. राज्यात राष्ट्रपती राजवट लावली, तर आज जो तणाव आहे तो पन्नास टक्के कमी होईल अन् उरलेला तणाव पुढल्या काळात कमी होईल, असे मत अनेकांनी व्यक्त केले. कारण, राष्ट्रपती राजवट या लोकांनी अनुभवली आहे. लोकनिर्वाचित सरकार शांतता प्रस्थापित करण्यात अपयशी ठरते, हा अनुभव आहे. त्यामुळे राष्ट्रपती राजवट हा सर्वोत्तम उपाय असल्याचे अनेकांचे मत केंद्र सरकार विचारात घेणार काय, हे येणारा काळच सांगेल! शांतता नांदावी, अशी सर्वसामान्य माणसाची इच्छा आहे. सामान्य माणसाला दहशतवाद आणि हिंसाचाराचा कंटाळा आला आहे. त्याला रोजगार हवा आहे, उत्तम राहणीमान हवे आहे. आजही ८० टक्के जनतेला भारतातच राहण्याची इच्छा आहे. उर्वरित २० टक्के काही पाकिस्तानकडेच झुकले आहेत, असेही नाही. त्यांच्यापैकी काहींना आझादी हवी आहे. त्याचे कारणही अशांतताच आहे. शांतता प्रस्थापित करण्यात यश आले, तर संपूर्ण काश्मीर खोरे भारताच्याच बाजूने राहील, असा निष्कर्ष काढला, तर चूक ठरणार नाही…! आव्हान जम्मू-आणि-काश्मीर मधील छुप्या युद्धाचे ब्रिगेडिअर हेमंत महाजन माझ्या या पुस्तकाला वर्ष २०१६ चे ग्रंथोज्जनक पारितोषिक मिळाले आहे.